What is vaginal bleeding after menopause?

Vaginal bleeding after menopause refers to any vaginal or uterine bleeding that occurs after a woman has gone through menopause. Menopause is defined as having experienced a period of 12 consecutive months without a menstrual period.

All vaginal bleeding after menopause is abnormal and should be evaluated by a health care practitioner. Vaginal bleeding after menopause can result from gynecologic disorders, such as uterine prolapse, fibroids or polyps, or from complications of hormone replacement therapy (HRT). Remember, not all bleeding in the genital or vaginal area originates in the female genital tract. For example, hemorrhoids are often the unsuspected culprit.

The menstrual period is controlled by two hormones: estrogen and progesterone. After menopause, the production of these hormones declines substantially. Women who are on HRT may sometimes experience vaginal bleeding after menopause. Women with thyroid disorders may have hormonal imbalances that can result in vaginal bleeding after menopause.

Vaginal bleeding after menopause can occasionally be a sign of a serious or potentially life-threatening condition. Seek immediate medical care (call 911) if you, or someone you are with, experience severe or uncontrolled bleeding accompanied by a fast heart rate. If you experience vaginal bleeding after menopause, seek prompt medical care. Your health care provider will determine the cause of your abnormal bleeding through a pelvic examination and other tests.


SYMPTOMS

What other symptoms might occur with vaginal bleeding after menopause?

Vaginal bleeding after menopause may accompany other symptoms, which vary depending on the underlying disease, disorder or condition.

Common symptoms that may occur along with vaginal bleeding after menopause

Vaginal bleeding after menopause may accompany other symptoms including:

CAUSES

What causes vaginal bleeding after menopause?

Vaginal bleeding after menopause refers to any vaginal or uterine bleeding that occurs after a woman has gone through menopause.

The menstrual period is controlled by two hormones: estrogen and progesterone. After menopause, the levels of these hormones decline significantly. Women who are on hormone replacement therapy may sometimes experience vaginal bleeding after menopause. Wo... Read more about vaginal bleeding after menopausecauses

Medical Reviewer: William C. Lloyd III, MD, FACS Last Annual Review Date: Sep 30, 2013 Copyright: © Copyright 2014 Health Grades, Inc. All rights reserved. May not be reproduced or reprinted without permission from Health Grades, Inc. Use of this information is governed by the HealthGrades User Agreement.