What are the symptoms of thrombocytopenia?
Mild cases of thrombocytopenia may not produce any symptoms. The symptoms of moderate thrombocytopenia are related to problems in blood clotting, such as frequent or easy bruising or bleeding, nosebleeds, bleeding gums, or a rash. In severe cases, unexplained bruising or bleeding may occur, including bleeding in the brain or in other internal organs.
Common symptoms of thrombocytopenia
You may experience thrombocytopenia symptoms daily or just once in a while. At times, any of these symptoms can be severe:
- Bleeding of the gums
- Delay in cessation of active bleeding
- Rash (petechiae, or red, pinprick-sized spots on the skin)
- Skin discoloration such as bruising
Serious symptoms that might indicate a life-threatening condition
In some cases, thrombocytopenia can be life threatening. Seek immediate medical care (call 911) if you, or someone you are with, have any of these potentially life-threatening symptoms including:
- Severe or uncontrollable bleeding
- Unexplained bleeding
- Unexplained bruising
What is thrombocytopenia?
Thrombocytopenia is a disorder in which there are too few platelets in
the blood. Platelets are small, disk-shaped cellular structures in the
bloodstream that help the blood to clot. Thus, thrombocytopenia is often
characterized by excessive bleeding, including nosebleeds and easy
bruising. Thrombocytopenia can be diagnosed by a routine blood test.
Thrombocytopenia arises for ... Read more about thrombocytopeniaintroduction
What causes thrombocytopenia?
Thrombocytopenia, or a low level of platelets in the blood, can arise from a variety of diseases, disorders or conditions that cause either low platelet production or excessive platelet breakdown. Platelet breakdown can occur in the bloodstream, liver or spleen.
Causes of low platelet productionThrombocytopenia can result from conditions that affect the bone marrow and... Read more about thrombocytopeniacauses
How is thrombocytopenia treated?
In mild cases of thrombocytopenia, no treatment may be required. For moderate cases, treatment depends on the cause of thrombocytopenia. In cases related to medications or environmental contaminants, thrombocytopenia may resolve on its own once the underlying cause is removed. In other moderate cases, medication may be prescribed in order to increase platelet counts. In severe thrombocytopenia,... Read more about thrombocytopeniatreatments