What causes testicle pain?
Testicle pain is a common symptom of injury, inflammation or infection. Injury leading to inflammation is a common cause of testicle pain. Depending on the cause, pain may occur in one or both testicles and may be accompanied by scrotal pain, blood in semen, painful ejaculation, penile discharge, or fever.
Common causes of testicle pain
Testicle pain may have common causes including:
- Cancer of the testicle, although this is most commonly associated with a painless lump
- Epididymitis (inflammation of the epididymis)
- Inguinal hernia, which may be mistaken for an enlarged testicle and cause testicle pain
- Kidney stones
- Mumps (viral infection that can cause inflammation of the testicle)
- Orchitis (inflammation of the testicle)
- Scrotal sac infection
- Spermatocele (cyst in the scrotum)
- Testicular torsion
- Trauma or injury
- Varicose veins in the scrotum (varicocle), which may appear as an enlarged testicle
Serious or life-threatening causes of testicle pain
In some cases, testicle pain may be a symptom of a serious or life-threatening condition that should be immediately evaluated in an emergency setting, including testicular torsion, in which blood supply to the testicle is compromised.
Questions for diagnosing the cause of testicle pain
To diagnose your condition, your doctor or licensed health care practitioner will ask you several questions related to your testicle pain including:
- Do you have any other symptoms?
- Do you have a lump in your testicle?
- Do you have blood present in your semen?
- Do you have discharge from your penis?
- Do you have pain in one or both testicles?
- Do you have pain with urination?
- Do you have swelling of your testicle?
- Have you recently injured your testicle?
- What medications are you taking?
- When did you first notice pain in your testicle?
What are the potential complications of testicle pain?
Because testicle pain can be due to serious diseases, failure to seek treatment can result in serious complications and permanent damage. Once the underlying cause is diagnosed, it is important for you to follow the treatment plan that you and your health care professional design specifically for you to reduce the risk of potential complications including:
- Infarction of the testicular tissue
- Scrotal abscess
- Spread of cancer
- Spread of infection
- Testicle removal
Genital problems in men. FamilyDoctor.org. http://familydoctor.org/online/famdocen/home/tools/symptom/539.printerview.html. Accessed June 4, 2011.
Testicle pain. MedlinePlus, a service of the National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health. http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003160.htm. Accessed June 4, 2011.
What is testicle pain?
Testicle pain is a common symptom of injury, inflammation or infection. Testicle pain can be a result of infection of the epididymis or the testicle itself. Injury leading to swelling is a common cause of testicle pain.... Read more about testicle painintroduction