What is tendinitis?

Tendinitis is an inflammation of a tendon, a group of fibers that connects a muscle to the nearby bone. Tendinitis is generally caused by injury, trauma, or overuse of a joint. Tendinitis may be referred to by a more specific description depending on the location where it occurs, such as Achilles tendinitis or tennis elbow. The elbows, heel, shoulder and wrist are common locations for tendinitis.

Anyone may experience tendinitis, although the risk of developing tendinitis may be increased in older populations, people who do not exercise regularly, or people who experience excessive rotations of a joint. Some conditions that affect the entire body, such as rheumatoid arthritis (chronic autoimmune disease characterized by joint inflammation) or diabetes, can increase the risk of developing tendinitis.

Tendinitis is treated with rest along with medications to relieve pain and reduce inflammation. Physical therapy can be helpful to improve muscle strength and enhance healing. In some cases, surgery will need to be performed to repair tendon damage.

Tendinitis generally does not pose a serious medical risk. However, repeated or prolonged tendinitis may require treatment by a medical professional. If your tendinitis symptoms worsen or are persistent or recurring, you should seek prompt medical care.

SYMPTOMS

What are the symptoms of tendinitis?

Symptoms of tendinitis typically manifest around the affected joint. With proper treatment and rest, symptoms generally improve. Some forms of tendinitis, such as Achilles tendinitis, can lead to tendon rupture and significant disability.... Read more about tendinitissymptoms

CAUSES

What causes tendinitis?

Tendinitis is usually due to lifestyle or exercise habits. It may also be caused by a general loss of flexibility in the tendon as part of the normal aging process. Less commonly, it may be caused by a serious underlying medical condition.... Read more about tendinitiscauses

TREATMENTS

How is tendinitis treated?

Tendinitis will generally resolve on its own given adequate time and proper home care. If your tendinitis is persistent or you feel your tendinitis is severe, you should consult with your health care provider. Additionally, tendinitis may occasionally be caused by an underlying medical condition that would need to be identified and treated.... Read more about tendinitistreatments

Medical Reviewer: All content has been reviewed by board-certified physicians under the direction of Rich Klasco, M.D., FACEP. Last Annual Review Date: May 2, 2011 Copyright: © Copyright 2011 Health Grades, Inc. All rights reserved. May not be reproduced or reprinted without permission from Health Grades, Inc. Use of this information is governed by the HealthGrades User Agreement.

This Article is Filed Under: Bones, Joints and Muscles


What's Causing Your Symptoms?