What other symptoms might occur with swollen gums?

Swollen gums may accompany other symptoms, which vary depending on the underlying disease, disorders or condition. Symptoms that frequently affect the gums may also involve other body systems.

Common symptoms that may occur along with swollen gums

Swollen gums may accompany other symptoms affecting the gums or mouth including:

  • Bleeding gums
  • Bright red or red-purple appearance to gums
  • Gums that are tender when touched but are painless otherwise
  • Painful mouth sores that quickly turn to ulcers lasting 21 days or more
  • Receding gums
  • Shiny gums
  • Sore smaller than about half an inch, or 12 millimeters, in diameter
  • Ulcer with white or yellow center

Other symptoms that may occur along with swollen gums

Swollen gums may accompany symptoms related to other body systems including:

  • Bad breath
  • Bleeding
  • Diarrhea or constipation
  • Loosening or loss of the teeth
  • Nausea, which may be described as feelings of wooziness, queasiness, retching, sea-sickness, car-sickness, or an upset stomach
  • Pale skin or pallor
  • Sore tongue
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Weakness, tiredness or light-headedness

Symptoms that might indicate a serious condition

In some cases, swollen gums may occur with other symptoms that might indicate a serious condition that should be evaluated immediately in an emergency setting. Seek immediate medical care if you, or someone you are with, have swollen gums along with other serious symptoms including:

  • Difficulty swallowing or breathing
  • High fever (higher than 101 degrees Fahrenheit)
  • Severe gum bleeding

What are swollen gums?

Gum swelling results from excess fluid (edema) in the soft tissues of the gums and may be accompanied by redness, pain, sores, ulcers and bleeding. Poor oral hygiene, resulting in inflammation or infection, is the most common cause of swollen gums. The symptoms may be constant or variable and may worsen when eating or drinking. If gum pain is present, it may be described as sharp, dull, stabbin... Read more about swollen gumsintroduction


What causes swollen gums?

Swollen gums are caused by multiple factors that result in inflammation of the gums. Inflammation due to plaque on the teeth is responsible for many cases of swollen gums. Plaque is an invisible, sticky film composed mainly of bacteria, which results in irritation of the gum line, swelling and bleeding. For this reason, swollen gums occur most frequently in people that do not practice good oral... Read more about swollen gumscauses

Medical Reviewer: William C. Lloyd III, MD, FACS Last Annual Review Date: May 7, 2013 Copyright: © Copyright 2014 Health Grades, Inc. All rights reserved. May not be reproduced or reprinted without permission from Health Grades, Inc. Use of this information is governed by the HealthGrades User Agreement.

This Article is Filed Under: Mouth, Teeth and Oral Health