What are the symptoms of smoking and smoking-related diseases?

There are many signs and symptoms of smoking and smoking-related diseases including addiction to nicotine, a harmful substance found in tobacco.

Symptoms of smoking and smoking-related diseases

Symptoms of smoking and related diseases, disorders and conditions include:

  • Bad breath and yellowing of the teeth

  • Cold hands and feet

  • Frequent or recurrent lung infections and other diseases, such as influenza, common colds, bronchitis, and pneumonia

  • Hypertension (high blood pressure) and rapid heart rate

  • Loss of taste and smell

  • Low oxygen levels in the blood

  • Low tolerance for exercise and fatigue

  • Nicotine-stained fingers and teeth

  • Premature aging and wrinkling of the skin

  • Shortness of breath and difficulty breathing

  • Smoker's cough (an ongoing loose cough that produces phlegm) and hoarse voice

  • Smoky-smelling clothes and hair

Symptoms of smoking cessation

If you are a smoker who attempts to quit smoking, you may experience symptoms of nicotine withdrawal. Symptoms of nicotine withdrawal decrease over time and will eventually go away. Symptoms of nicotine addiction and nicotine withdrawal include:

  • Anxiety

  • Constipation

  • Cravings for tobacco

  • Difficulty concentrating

  • Dizziness

  • Fatigue

  • Headache

  • Hunger

  • Irritability

  • Mood swings

  • Sleep disturbances

  • Tremors

Serious symptoms that might indicate a life-threatening condition

Long-term smoking can result in serious and life-threatening diseases and conditions, such as oral cancer, lung cancer, heart disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and pneumonia. Seek prompt medical care if you have sores or ulcers in your mouth that do not heal, which could be a symptom of oral cancer, or a cough that does not go away, which is a possible symptom of lung cancer.

Seek immediate medical care (call 911) if you, or someone you are with, have any of these potentially symptoms:

  • Chest pain, chest tightness, chest pressure, or palpitations

  • High fever (higher than 101 degrees Fahrenheit)

  • Persistent, wet cough that produces thick greenish, yellow, brown, or blood-tinged phlegm

  • Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing

INTRODUCTION

What is smoking?

Smoking is an unhealthy behavior that can become an addiction. Smoking is the most important preventable cause of premature death in the United States, according to the American Heart Association (Source: AHA).

Smoking includes all forms of smoking, such as cigar smoking, cigarette smoking, pipe smoking, a... Read more about smokingintroduction

CAUSES

What causes smoking?

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that 46 million people in the United States (18 years of age and older) smoke cigarettes. Smoking is more common in men than women and appears to be prevalent across a variety of different ethnic groups. The highest percentage of smokers is in the 25 to 44-year old age group. http://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/data_statistics/fact_sheets/adult... Read more about smokingcauses

TREATMENTS

How is smoking treated?

Quitting smoking is a very challenging undertaking that often requires several attempts before you can successfully and permanently quit. The best way to quit smoking is through a multifaceted smoking cessation program that includes perseverance, the support of the people close to the smoker, and often nicotine replacement therapy.

Nicotine replacement therapy

Nicotine ... Read more about smokingtreatments

Medical Reviewer: McDonough, Brian MD Last Annual Review Date: Apr 18, 2011 Copyright: © Copyright 2011 Health Grades, Inc. All rights reserved. May not be reproduced or reprinted without permission from Health Grades, Inc. Use of this information is governed by the HealthGrades User Agreement.

This Article is Filed Under: Mental Health and Behavior