What causes Sjogren’s syndrome?

The cause of Sjogren’s syndrome is not known, but it is believed that this autoimmune disorder may be triggered by a viral infection or a bacterial infection. Genetic factors may also play a role in Sjogren’s syndrome. Research indicates that the presence of certain genes may make you more susceptible to the abnormal immune process when confronted with an environmental trigger, such as a viral infection.

What are the risk factors for Sjogren’s syndrome?

The vast majority of people with Sjogren’s syndrome are women, and it generally appears during the fourth decade of life. However, Sjogren’s syndrome can affect all age groups, and it can occur in all races. You may be at higher risk of developing Sjogren’s syndrome if other members in your family had this condition. There is no way to prevent Sjogren’s syndrome or reduce your risk of developing the condition.

INTRODUCTION

What is Sjogren’s syndrome?

Sjogren’s syndrome is a common autoimmune disorder that attacks moisture-producing glands of the body, such as the glands that produce tears and saliva. In an autoimmune disorder, the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks healthy tissues. In Sjogren’s syndrome, inflammation caused by this attack affects the glands’ ability to secrete moisture and mucus normally.... Read more about sjogrens syndromeintroduction

SYMPTOMS

What are the symptoms of Sjogren’s syndrome?

Symptoms of Sjogren’s syndrome are the result of damaged moisture-producing glands and can affect the eyes, mouth, throat, nose, airways, skin, digestive system, and vagina. In some cases, symptoms of Sjogren’s syndrome can affect organs throughout the body, such as the lungs, kidneys, joints, blood vessels, and nervous system.... Read more about sjogrens syndromesymptoms

TREATMENTS

How is Sjogren’s syndrome treated?

There is no cure for Sjogren’s syndrome, but with early recognition and treatment, it is possible to decrease symptoms and minimize the risk of complications. Treatment for Sjogren’s syndrome varies depending on the type of Sjogren’s syndrome, the severity of symptoms, the presence of complications, a person’s age and medical history, and other factors. Treatment plans use an individualized, multifaceted approach that may include:... Read more about sjogrens syndrometreatments

Medical Reviewer: McDonough, Brian MD Last Annual Review Date: Jan 8, 2011 Copyright: © Copyright 2011 Health Grades, Inc. All rights reserved. May not be reproduced or reprinted without permission from Health Grades, Inc. Use of this information is governed by the HealthGrades User Agreement.

This Article is Filed Under: Allergies and the Immune System