How is Salmonella food poisoning treated?

Healthy adults may recover from mild to moderate cases of Salmonella food poisoning without medical treatment. However, it is always a good idea to seek medical care if you have symptoms of Salmonella food poisoning, such as fever, vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal cramps.

Salmonella food poisoning treatment includes:

  • Antibiotics in moderate to severe cases of Salmonella food poisoning, or when it occurs in a person who is at risk for complications, such as people with weakened immune systems due to such conditions as HIV/AIDS, cancer, diabetes, or taking steroid medications or undergoing chemotherapy. Others at risk include older adults, infants, children, and pregnant women.

  • Avoiding solid food until symptoms subside

  • Drinking plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration; fluids include water or an oral rehydrating fluid such as Pedialyte

  • Hospitalization and rehydration with intravenous fluids if Salmonella food poisoning does not resolve quickly or leads to dehydration or other complications

  • Rest

What are the possible complications of Salmonella food poisoning?

Complications of Salmonella food poisoning can be serious, even life threatening in some cases. People most at risk for serious or life-threatening complications include:

  • Children

  • Infants

  • Older adults

  • People who have compromised immune systems due to such conditions as HIV/AIDS, diabetes, kidney disease, cancer, or cancer treatment

  • Pregnant women

You can help minimize your risk of complications by following the treatment plan you and your health care professional design specifically for you. Complications of Salmonella food poisoning include:

  • Electrolyte imbalance

  • Reiter’s syndrome (type of inflammatory arthritis)

  • Severe dehydration due to vomiting, diarrhea, or a decreased desire to drink fluids

  • Shock

References:


  1. Domino FJ (Ed.) Five Minute Clinical Consult. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2013.
  2. Foodborne Illness and Disease. United States Department of Agriculture Food Safety and Inspection Service. http://www.fsis.usda.gov/factsheets/salmonella_questions_&_answers/index.asp.
  3. Salmonella. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. http://www.cdc.gov/salmonella/.
INTRODUCTION

What is Salmonella food poisoning?

Salmonella food poisoning is the most common cause of foodborne illness. Salmonella food poisoning, also known as salmonellosis, is a bacterial infection caused by a variety of types of Salmonella bacteria.

Salmonella food poisoning is spread from the feces of infected people or animals through food or beverages. Common foods contaminated with Salmonella Read more about salmonella food poisoningintroduction

SYMPTOMS

What are the symptoms of Salmonella food poisoning?

Symptoms of Salmonella food poisoning generally begin within eight to 72 hours after ingesting food or beverages contaminated with Salmonella bacteria. With proper care to avoid dehydration, generally healthy adults can begin to see improvement in their symptoms within a couple of days and can recover completely within about a week.

Salmonella food poisoning s... Read more about salmonella food poisoningsymptoms

CAUSES

What causes Salmonella food poisoning?

Salmonella food poisoning is caused by an infection of the gastrointestinal tract, or digestive tract, by a variety of types of Salmonella bacteria. Salmonella food poisoning is spread by eating or drinking food or beverages that have been contaminated with feces that contain Salmonella bacteria.

Common foods contaminated with Salmonella bacteria... Read more about salmonella food poisoningcauses

Medical Reviewer: William C. Lloyd III, MD, FACS Last Annual Review Date: Sep 20, 2013 Copyright: © Copyright 2014 Health Grades, Inc. All rights reserved. May not be reproduced or reprinted without permission from Health Grades, Inc. Use of this information is governed by the HealthGrades User Agreement.

This Article is Filed Under: Food, Nutrition and Diet, Ulcerative Colitis