What is Salmonella food poisoning?

Salmonella food poisoning is the most common cause of foodborne illness. Salmonella food poisoning, also known as salmonellosis, is a bacterial infection caused by a variety of types of Salmonella bacteria.

Salmonella food poisoning is spread from the feces of infected people or animals through food or beverages. Common foods contaminated with Salmonella bacteria include undercooked eggs and poultry. However, any food can become contaminated with Salmonella bacteria if it is handled by an infected person with unwashed hands or if the food comes in contact with other food that is contaminated.

Salmonella food poisoning results in irritation and inflammation of the digestive tract, which leads to symptoms such as abdominal pain, nausea, fever and diarrhea.

Salmonella food poisoning is more likely to occur and cause serious complications in people with weakened immune systems due to such conditions as HIV/AIDS, cancer, diabetes, or taking steroid medications or undergoing chemotherapy. Others at risk include older adults, infants, children, and pregnant women.

Salmonella food poisoning can result in serious complications that include dehydration, Reiter’s syndrome, and arthritis. Seek prompt medical care if you suspect that you have Salmonella food poisoning. Early diagnosis and treatment can minimize your discomfort and the risk of complications and help prevent the spread of Salmonella food poisoning.


What are the symptoms of Salmonella food poisoning?

Symptoms of Salmonella food poisoning generally begin within eight to 72 hours after ingesting food or beverages contaminated with Salmonella bacteria. With proper care to avoid dehydration, generally healthy adults can begin to see improvement in their symptoms within a couple of days and can recover completely within about a week.

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What causes Salmonella food poisoning?

Salmonella food poisoning is caused by an infection of the gastrointestinal tract, or digestive tract, by a variety of types of Salmonella bacteria. Salmonella food poisoning is spread by eating or drinking food or beverages that have been contaminated with feces that contain Salmonella bacteria.

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How is Salmonella food poisoning treated?

Healthy adults may recover from mild to moderate cases of Salmonella food poisoning without medical treatment. However, it is always a good idea to seek medical care if you have symptoms of Salmonella food poisoning, such as fever, vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal cramps.

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Medical Reviewer: William C. Lloyd III, MD, FACS Last Annual Review Date: Sep 20, 2013 Copyright: © Copyright 2014 Health Grades, Inc. All rights reserved. May not be reproduced or reprinted without permission from Health Grades, Inc. Use of this information is governed by the HealthGrades User Agreement.

This Article is Filed Under: Food, Nutrition and Diet, Ulcerative Colitis