What causes red eyelids?
Anything that injures, irritates or inflames the eyelid can cause red eyelids. Your eyelids are very sensitive and well supplied with blood vessels and nerves, so even minor irritation or inflammation can cause reddening.
Inflammations or infections that commonly cause red eyelids include allergies, blepharitis (infection or inflammation of the edge of the eyelid), chalazion (blockage of and inflammation in glands near the eyelashes), and stye or hordeolum (infection of an oil gland near the eyelashes). Trauma to the eye area, including burns, sunburn, and blunt force or penetrating injury, can also lead to red eyelids.
Common causes of red eyelids
Red eyelids may be caused by several common conditions including:
- Blepharitis (inflammation of the eyelid margin)
- Burns, including sunburn
- Chalazion (inflammation of a blocked oil gland in the eyelid margin)
- Common cold (viral respiratory infection)
- Conjunctivitis (inflammation of the eye surface)
- Hay fever or allergic reaction from animal dander, dust, cosmetics or pollen
- Local allergic reactions to makeup or personal care products (contact dermatitis)
- Stye or hordeolum (localized bacterial infection of an oil gland or eyelash follicle in the eyelid margin)
Serious causes of red eyelids
In rare cases, red eyelids can also be caused by more serious conditions including:
- Orbital cellulitis (invasive infection of the soft tissues around the eye)
Questions for diagnosing the cause of red eyelids
To diagnose your condition, your doctor or licensed health care practitioner will ask you several questions related to your eyelid symptoms including:
- When did you first notice your red eyelids?
- Does the redness affect one or both eyelids?
- Have you recently had any injury in your eye area?
- Are you taking any medications?
- Do you have any allergies?
- Have you been around anyone with an eye infection recently?
- Have you had a similar condition before?
- What other symptoms do you have?
What are the potential complications of red eyelids?
Red eyelids are generally caused by mild conditions and usually do not result in permanent damage to the eye. In rare cases, red eyelids may be caused by a more serious condition, such as a severe infection or trauma, which can lead to permanent damage to the eye if left untreated.
Once the underlying cause is diagnosed, it is important for you to follow the treatment plan that you and your health care professional design specifically for you to reduce the risk of potential complications including:
- Loss of the eye and orbit (bone surrounding the eye)
- Loss of vision and blindness
- Scarring of the eye
- Spread of infection
Carter SR. Eyelid disorders: diagnosis and management. American Family Physician. http://www.aafp.org/afp/980600ap/carter.html. Accessed May 9, 2011.
Blepharitis. PubMed Health. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0002586/. Accessed May 9, 2011.
What are red eyelids?
Red eyelids can result from any condition that irritates, inflames or infects the eyelid. Allergies, infections, and even crying can cause your eyelids to redden. Red eyelids may also result from trauma to the eye area. Red eyelids are commonly associated with other symptoms like itching, swelling, irritation, bumps, increased tearing, or discharge.... Read more about red eyelidsintroduction