What is rectal lump?

A rectal lump is a growth in the inner rectum or rectal area. Rectal lumps can vary in size and the degree to which they produce symptoms. Depending on the underlying cause, a rectal lump may or may not cause any pain.

The two most common causes are hemorrhoids and anal warts. Hemorrhoids are enlarged, bulging veins outside the anus (external hemorrhoids) or inside the anus (internal hemorrhoids). Hemorrhoids can be painful, but they usually resolve with self-care measures. The risk of hemorrhoids increases with increasing age. They are also common in pregnant women.

Anal warts, also called anal condylomata, are caused by human papilloma virus (HPV). HPV is transmitted by direct contact from person to person. HPV and anal warts are considered to be sexually transmitted diseases (also known as STDs). Left untreated, anal warts can multiply, recur, and increase the risk of cancer in the rectal and anal region.

If you feel a lump in the anal or rectal area, contact your health care provider to determine the cause and get treatment, if needed. Small, external anal warts can generally be treated with medication applied directly to the affected area. Your health care provider may also decide to freeze the warts off using liquid nitrogen. Warts that are located inside the anal canal may require surgical removal. A number of treatment measures are also effective for the management and control of hemorrhoids.

Seek immediate medical care (call 911) for serious symptoms such as high fever (higher than 101 degrees Fahrenheit), drainage of pus from a rectal lump, severe pain, or bloody stool. Seek prompt medical care if you are being treated for rectal lumps, but your symptoms recur or are persistent.


What other symptoms might occur with rectal lump?

A rectal lump may accompany other symptoms, which vary depending on the underlying disease, disorder or condition. The symptoms of rectal lump are usually confined to the rectal or anal areas and include:


What causes rectal lump?

A rectal lump is most often related to hemorrhoids and anal warts. Hemorrhoids are enlarged, bulging veins in the anus or rectum. Anal warts are caused by human papilloma virus (HPV), a sexually transmitted disease.

Causes of rectal lump

A rectal lump may be caused by common rectal disorders including:

Medical Reviewer: Cynthia Haines, MD Last Annual Review Date: Aug 8, 2013 Copyright: © Copyright 2014 Health Grades, Inc. All rights reserved. May not be reproduced or reprinted without permission from Health Grades, Inc. Use of this information is governed by the HealthGrades User Agreement.

This Article is Filed Under: Digestive System

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