How is proteinuria treated?

Treatment for proteinuria begins with seeking medical care from your health care provider. To determine if you have proteinuria, your health care provider will ask you to provide a urine sample for laboratory testing.

Treatment for proteinuria depends on the underlying cause. However, the goal of treatment is to reduce the levels of protein in the urine. Several approaches are successful and include hypertensive therapy and, in the case of diabetic kidney disease, therapy to maintain normal blood glucose levels.

Treatments for proteinuria

Treatments that are used to control proteinuria or its underlying causes include:

  • Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACE) or angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) medications to lower blood pressure and protect kidney function
  • Dietician consultation and a healthy meal plan
  • Diuretics
  • Insulin or other medications to help control blood sugar levels in people with diabetes
  • Low-protein diet
  • Low-sodium diet
  • Treatment of any underlying chronic conditions

What are the potential complications of proteinuria?

You can help minimize your risk of serious complications by following the treatment plan you and your health care professional design specifically for you. Complications of proteinuria include:

References:

Proteinuria. National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse (NKUDIC). http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov/kudiseases/pubs/proteinuria/. Accessed May 17, 2011.

Protein - urine. Medline Plus, a service of the National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health. http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003580.htm. Accessed May 17, 2011.

INTRODUCTION

What is proteinuria?

Proteinuria is a condition in which the urine contains too much protein. Proteinuria is also known as albuminuria, due to the presence of one type of protein, albumin, in the urine. It is often caused by dysfunctional kidneys, high blood pressure, or diabetes. Proteinuria is a sign of chronic disease of or damage to the kidneys.... Read more about proteinuriaintroduction

SYMPTOMS

What are the symptoms of proteinuria?

You may not experience symptoms of proteinuria; however, as the condition changes, a number of symptoms may result. The symptoms can vary in intensity among individuals.... Read more about proteinuriasymptoms

CAUSES

What causes proteinuria?

Proteinuria is the result of protein in the blood passing through the kidneys and into the urine. Diabetes and high blood pressure are common causes of proteinuria. Acute illness or dehydration can result in a transient increase in a urine protein measurement.... Read more about proteinuriacauses

Medical Reviewer: All content has been reviewed by board-certified physicians under the direction of Rich Klasco, M.D., FACEP. Last Annual Review Date: May 2, 2011 Copyright: © Copyright 2011 Health Grades, Inc. All rights reserved. May not be reproduced or reprinted without permission from Health Grades, Inc. Use of this information is governed by the HealthGrades User Agreement.

This Article is Filed Under: Kidneys and the Urinary System


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