What causes prostate pain?

The causes of prostate pain will vary depending on the underlying disease or disorder.

Common causes of prostate pain

Prostate pain may be caused by common prostate disorders including:

  • Abscess
  • Cyst
  • Enlarged prostate
  • Prostate cancer
  • Prostatitis

Urinary tract causes of prostate pain

Prostate pain can also be caused by common urinary tract disorders including:

  • Bladder infection (urinary tract infection, or UTI)
  • Bladder stones (mineral deposits in the bladder that travel to the urinary tract)
  • Kidney stones (mineral deposits in the kidneys that travel to the urinary tract)
  • Pyelonephritis (kidney infection)
  • Urethral strictures

Serious or life-threatening causes of prostate pain

In some cases, prostate pain may be a symptom of a serious or life-threatening condition that should be immediately evaluated in an emergency setting. These include:

  • Acute prostatitis
  • Pelvic trauma

Questions for diagnosing the cause of prostate pain

To diagnose your condition, your doctor or licensed health care practitioner will ask you several questions related to your prostate pain including:

  • When did you first notice your prostate pain?
  • How long have you experienced prostate pain?
  • Is the pain consistent?
  • Do you have other symptoms, such as abdominal pain?
  • Are you having difficulties with urination?
  • What medications are you taking?
  • Have you experienced any trauma to the area?

What are the potential complications of prostate pain?

Complications of prostate pain will depend on the underlying reason for the pain. Because prostate pain can be due to serious diseases, failure to seek treatment can result in serious complications and permanent damage. Once the underlying cause is diagnosed, it is important for you to follow the treatment plan that you and your health care professional design specifically for you to reduce the risk of potential complications including:

  • Infertility
  • Sepsis (life-threatening bacterial blood infection)
  • Severe discomfort or pain
  • Spread of cancer
  • Spread of infection


  1. Prostatitis: disorders of the prostate. National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse (NKUDIC). http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov/kudiseases/pubs/prostatitis/.
  2. Prostate problems. National Institute on Aging Age Page. http://www.nia.nih.gov/healthinformation/publications/prostate.htm.
  3. Domino FJ (Ed.) Five Minute Clinical Consult. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2013.
  4. Lipsky BA, Byren I, Hoey CT. Treatment of bacterial prostatitis. Clin Infect Dis 2010; 50:1641.


What is prostate pain?

Prostate pain is any pain or discomfort of the prostate gland. The prostate gland wraps around the tube that transports urine out of the bladder and is involved in the production of semen. Prostate pain can occur as a result of a number of diseases or disorders.

It is very common for the prostate gland to become enlarged as a man ages. An enlarged prostate is also known as benign ... Read more about prostate painintroduction


What other symptoms might occur with prostate pain?

Prostate pain may accompany other symptoms that vary depending on the underlying disease, disorder or condition. Symptoms that frequently affect the urinary tract may also involve other body systems.

Urinary tract symptoms that may occur along with prostate pain

    Prostate pain symptoms may accompany other symptoms affecting the urinary tract including:
    Read more about prostate painsymptoms

    Medical Reviewer: William C. Lloyd III, MD, FACS Last Annual Review Date: Sep 20, 2013 Copyright: © Copyright 2014 Health Grades, Inc. All rights reserved. May not be reproduced or reprinted without permission from Health Grades, Inc. Use of this information is governed by the HealthGrades User Agreement.

    This Article is Filed Under: Male Reproductive System