What causes prostate cancer?
Cancer occurs when abnormal cells reproduce in an uncontrolled fashion. The specific cause of prostate cancer is not known, but several factors that increase the risk of developing cancer of the prostate have been identified.
What are the risk factors for prostate cancer?
A number of factors increase the risk of developing prostate cancer. Not all people with risk factors will get prostate cancer. Risk factors for prostate cancer include:
- African American race
- Age over 60
- Certain occupational and other chemical exposures
- Chronic alcohol use or abuse
- Family history of prostate cancer
- High-fat diet
Reducing your risk of prostate cancer
You may be able to lower your risk of prostate cancer by:
- Being aware of and taking precautions against occupational exposures to toxins or chemicals
- Eating a healthy diet
- Reducing alcohol intake
What is prostate cancer?
The prostate is a walnut-sized male reproductive organ located in the pelvis, where it rests just under the bladder and wraps around the urethra, the tube that drains the bladder. The prostate produces fluid that nourishes and protects sperm.... Read more about prostate cancer introduction
What are the symptoms of prostate cancer?
Many of the symptoms of prostate cancer are related to constriction of the urethra and involve changes in urine flow. Prostate cancer can also cause pain in the pelvis or lower back and blood in the urine. Cancer that has spread can cause additional symptoms based on the location of spread.... Read more about prostate cancer symptoms
How is prostate cancer treated?
Treatment of prostate cancer begins with seeking regular medical care throughout your life. Regular medical care allows a health care professional to provide early screening tests. Regular medical care also provides an opportunity for your health care professional to promptly evaluate symptoms and your risks for developing prostate cancer.... Read more about prostate cancer treatments