What causes penile burning sensation?
Penile burning sensation can have a number of different causes. Evaluating other symptoms that may occur concurrently can help a health care practitioner identify the cause.
Sexually transmitted diseases are one cause of these symptoms. The symptoms can also be attributed to infections or inflammation of the bladder or prostate.
Men who are uncircumcised (who have the foreskin remaining around the penis) are prone to balanitis, an inflammation of the foreskin.
Sexually transmitted causes of penile burning sensation
Penile burning sensation may also be caused by sexually transmitted infections including:
- Genital warts (human papillomavirus, or HPV, infection)
- Trichomonas vaginalis (parasitic infection)
Other causes of penile burning sensation
Penile burning sensation can also be caused by the following:
- Balanitis (inflammation of the foreskin)
- Contact with irritants such as soap or detergents
- Diabetes (chronic disease that affects your body’s ability to use sugar for energy)
- Lichen sclerosis et atrophicus (chronic inflammatory skin condition)
Serious or life-threatening causes of penile burning sensation
In some cases, penile burning sensation may be a symptom of a serious or life-threatening condition that should be immediately evaluated in an emergency setting. These conditions include:
- Fournier’s gangrene (severe spreading infection of the genital area)
- Penile fracture
- Priapism (persistent erection)
Questions for diagnosing the cause of penile burning sensation
To diagnose your condition, your doctor or licensed health care practitioner will ask you several questions related to your penile burning sensation including:
- How long have you felt the burning sensation?
- Does it hurt to urinate or ejaculate?
- Have you experienced this before?
- Have you noticed a rash or discoloration around your genitals?
- Do you have any other symptoms, such as discharge or itching?
- Have you started using any new detergents or soaps?
- Are you sexually active? Are you having unprotected sex, or do you have multiple partners?
- What medications are you taking?
What are the potential complications of penile burning sensation?
Because penile burning sensation can be due to serious diseases, failure to seek treatment can result in serious complications and permanent damage. Once the underlying cause is diagnosed, it is important for you to follow the treatment plan that you and your health care professional design specifically for you to reduce the risk of potential complications including:
- Scarring and narrowing of the opening of the penis
- Spread of infection
Balanitis. PubMed Health. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001865/. Accessed June 3, 2011.
Genital problems in men. FamilyDoctor.org. http://familydoctor.org/online/famdocen/home/tools/symptom/539.printerview.html. Accessed June 3, 2011.
What is penile burning sensation?
Penile burning sensation is a feeling of burning, redness, warmth or swelling in the genitals, particularly in the penis. The sensation can be accompanied by blisters, pain, bloody or pink-colored urine (hematuria), itching, peeling, rash, scabbing, or swelling. Penile burning sensation can be extremely uncomfortable and create difficulty with urination, sexual relations, and daily activit... Read more about penile burning sensationintroduction