What are the symptoms of parotitis?

Parotitis causes swelling and inflammation of the parotid glands that may result in a number of symptoms. The symptoms can vary in intensity among individuals.

Throat and neck symptoms of parotitis

The most common symptoms of parotitis are related to the throat and neck and include:

  • Bad taste in the mouth
  • Difficulty opening the mouth
  • Dry mouth
  • Face pain
  • Fever
  • Flu-like malaise
  • Mouth or facial pain, especially when eating
  • Redness over the side of the face or the upper neck
  • Sore throat
  • Swelling in the jaw region (temporomandibular area)

Symptoms that might indicate a serious condition

In some cases, parotitis can be a serious condition that should be immediately evaluated in an emergency setting. Seek immediate medical care (call 911) if you, or someone you are with, have any of these serious symptoms:

  • Difficulty breathing
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • High fever (higher than 101 degrees Fahrenheit)

INTRODUCTION

What is parotitis?

Parotitis is the name given to inflammation and infection of the largest of the salivary glands known as the parotid glands. Inflammation results in swelling of the tissues that surround the salivary glands, redness, and soreness. Salivary glands are responsible for producing saliva in the mouth, which has the important function of cleansing the mouth. Inflammation of the salivary glands r... Read more about parotitisintroduction

CAUSES

What causes parotitis?

Bacterial infections of the salivary glands are commonly a result of an obstruction, such as salivary duct stones or poor oral hygiene. Drugs that cause dry mouth, such as some antihistamines, can increase the risk of parotitis, as can cancer treatments such as radiation therapy.

What are the risk factors for parotitis?

A number of factors increase the risk of developin... Read more about parotitiscauses

TREATMENTS

How is parotitis treated?

Antibiotic therapy is the mainstay of treatment for parotitis that is caused by a bacterial infection. Additionally, if a secondary infection occurs within the mouth due to the dysfunctional salivary glands, antibiotics can be prescribed. Such an infection is diagnosed by fever or the presence of pus in the mouth. If complications such ... Read more about parotitistreatments

Medical Reviewer: William C. Lloyd III, MD, FACS Last Annual Review Date: Sep 20, 2013 Copyright: © Copyright 2014 Health Grades, Inc. All rights reserved. May not be reproduced or reprinted without permission from Health Grades, Inc. Use of this information is governed by the HealthGrades User Agreement.

This Article is Filed Under: Mouth, Teeth and Oral Health