What are the symptoms of osteoporosis?

In general, there are no symptoms in the early stages because the disease usually develops so gradually. This is why osteoporosis is known as a silent disease. When symptoms do occur, they can vary depending on the individual, the severity, and other factors.

A common symptom of osteoporosis is a fracture of the spine, wrist or hip. Fractures generally signal that the disease is already in its advanced stages, in which severe bone thinning and damage have already occurred. In this late stage, the symptoms of osteoporosis can include:

  • Back pain, which can be severe, due to spinal bone fractures
  • Bone pain or tenderness
  • Fracture that occurs with little or no trauma
  • Loss of height
  • Neck pain, which can be severe, due to spinal bone fractures
  • Stooped posture (spine curvature, kyphosis)
INTRODUCTION

What is osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis is a disease in which bone density deteriorates and decreases over time, causing weak and brittle bones and increasing the risk of fracture. Wrist, spine and hip bones are most affected, although any bones are susceptible to the disease.

Osteoporosis is very common. In fact, it is the most widespread bone disease, especially among elderly men and women. In general, w... Read more about osteoporosisintroduction

CAUSES

What causes osteoporosis?

The most common cause of osteoporosis is the reduced production of certain hormones due to aging. Women of menopausal age (about 50 years and older) experience reduced estrogen production, while men 70 and older experience reduced testosterone production. Other causes of osteoporosis include:

TREATMENTS

How is osteoporosis treated? 

Osteoporosis is not curable at this time, but it is treatable to minimize the amount of bone loss and reduce the risk of complications, such as fractures.

Treatment of osteoporosis is individualized to the severity of the disease, your age, sex, medical history, and other factors. Goals of osteoporosis treatment programs include slowing or stopping bone deterioration, controlling ... Read more about osteoporosistreatments

Medical Reviewer: William C. Lloyd III, MD, FACS Last Annual Review Date: Sep 20, 2013 Copyright: © Copyright 2014 Health Grades, Inc. All rights reserved. May not be reproduced or reprinted without permission from Health Grades, Inc. Use of this information is governed by the HealthGrades User Agreement.

This Article is Filed Under: Bones, Joints and Muscles


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