What causes obstructive jaundice?
Obstructive jaundice is a condition in which there is a blockage of the flow of bile out of the liver. This results in an overflow of bile and its by-products into the blood, and bile excretion from the body is incomplete. Bilirubin, a component of bile, is yellow, which gives the characteristic yellow appearance of jaundice in the skin, eyes, and mucous membranes.
The most common cause of obstructive jaundice is the presence of gallstones (cholelithiasis). Other causes of obstructive jaundice are tumors, trauma, cysts, and inflammation in the bile ducts.
Causes of obstructive jaundice
Obstructive jaundice is caused by conditions that block the normal flow of bile from the liver into the intestines including:
- Biliary stricture (narrowing of the bile duct)
- Cancer of the gallbladder or pancreas
- Cholangitis (infection or inflammation of the common bile duct)
- Cholelithiasis (gallstones)
- Congenital structural defects
- Cysts of the bile duct
- Lymph node enlargement
- Parasitic infection
- Trauma, including surgical complications
What are the risk factors for obstructive jaundice?
A number of factors increase your risk of developing obstructive jaundice. Not all people with risk factors will get obstructive jaundice. Risk factors for obstructive jaundice include:
- Abdominal injury
- Pancreatic cancer
- Tumors in the area of the common bile duct
What is obstructive jaundice?
Obstructive jaundice is a condition in which there is blockage of the flow of bile out of the liver. This results in an overflow of bile and its by-products into the blood, and bile excretion from the body is incomplete. Bile contains many by-products, one of which is bilirubin, a pigment derived from dead red blood cells. Bilirubin is yellow, and this gives the characteristic yellow appea... Read more about obstructive jaundice introduction
What are the symptoms of obstructive jaundice?
Obstructive jaundice can cause many different types of symptoms, which vary in intensity among individuals.... Read more about obstructive jaundice symptoms
How is obstructive jaundice treated?
Your health care professional can develop a treatment plan tailored to your needs. It is important to precisely follow your treatment plan for obstructive jaundice to help minimize your symptoms and decrease the chance of your symptoms recurring over time.... Read more about obstructive jaundice treatments