What is nocturia?

Nocturia is the need to urinate two or more times during the night. It can occur at any age, but becomes more common with advancing age. Causes of nocturia can be as straightforward as drinking fluids just before bedtime, consuming a large amount of fluid late in the day, drinking beverages with caffeine, or pregnancy.

Nocturia can also occur due to urologic disorders and conditions that affect other body systems, including diabetes and heart disease. Urologic conditions that can lead to nocturia include urinary tract infections, prostate enlargement, sphincter control problems, and prolapse (a slipping out of place) of the bladder.

Less commonly, nocturia is a symptom of serious infections of the bladder or kidney, liver failure, or a tumor of the prostate or bladder. Congestive heart failure, a deterioration of the heart’s ability to pump blood, may lead to nocturia that is accompanied by difficulty breathing and wheezing (a whistling sound made with breathing).

Seek immediate medical care if nocturia is accompanied by serious symptoms, such as bloody or pink-colored urine (hematuria), urinary retention, difficult or painful urination, burning with urination (dysuria), or fever.

Also, seek prompt medical care if you are being treated for nocturia but mild symptoms recur or are persistent.


What other symptoms might occur with nocturia?

Nocturia may accompany other symptoms, which vary depending on the underlying disease, disorder or condition. Symptoms that frequently affect the urinary tract may also involve other body systems.

Urinary tract symptoms that may occur along with nocturia

Nocturia may accompany other symptoms affecting the urinary tract including:

  • Cloudy urine Read more about nocturiasymptoms


What causes nocturia?

Your likelihood of having nocturia increases with age. This is because your bladder capacity decreases and urine production increases as you grow older. Lifestyle practices, such as drinking large amounts of fluid late in the day or consuming caffeinated drinks, can also cause nocturia. In women, nocturia often occurs in conjunction with pregnancy, menopause, or uterine prolapse. Nocturia in me... Read more about nocturiacauses

Medical Reviewer: William C. Lloyd III, MD, FACS Last Annual Review Date: Sep 20, 2013 Copyright: © Copyright 20114 Health Grades, Inc. All rights reserved. May not be reproduced or reprinted without permission from Health Grades, Inc. Use of this information is governed by the HealthGrades User Agreement.

This Article is Filed Under: Kidneys and the Urinary System

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