What are the symptoms of a myoma (fibroid)?

Fibroids may not produce symptoms. In other cases they may cause abnormal bleeding or discomfort. The symptoms can vary in intensity among individuals.

Common symptoms of fibroids

You may experience fibroid symptoms daily or only occasionally. Any of these symptoms can be severe:

  • Abdominal, pelvic, or lower back pain that can be severe, episodic, or constant
  • Abdominal pressure
  • Abdominal swelling, distension or bloating
  • Heavy bleeding during menstrual period (menorrhagia)
  • Longer than normal menstrual periods
  • Pain during sexual intercourse
  • Urgent need to urinate
  • Vaginal bleeding between menstrual periods

Serious symptoms that might indicate a life-threatening condition

Rarely, fibroids can be associated with life-threatening symptoms. Seek immediate medical care (call 911) if you, or someone you are with, have heavy vaginal bleeding associated with any of the following symptoms:

  • Abdominal, pelvic, or lower back pain that can be severe
  • Confusion or loss of consciousness for even a brief moment
  • Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath
  • Dizziness or fainting
  • Pale skin or pallor
  • Rapid heart rate (tachycardia)


What is a myoma (fibroid)?

A myoma, commonly known as a fibroid, is a benign (noncancerous) tumor that develops in or around the uterus. Fibroids are medically known as leiomyomas and are tumors of the smooth muscle, the tissue that normally makes up that wall of the uterus.

Fibroids are a common condition that affects approximately 20% of childbearing women. African Americans are more likely than Cauca... Read more about myoma (fibroid)introduction


What causes a myoma (fibroid)?

The cause of fibroids is not known; however, their development seems to be associated with the female hormone, estrogen. Fibroids appear during the childbearing years when a woman’s estrogen levels are high.

What are the risk factors for a myoma (fibroid)?

A number of factors increase the risk of developing a fibroid. Not all people with risk factors will develop a fibr... Read more about myoma (fibroid)causes


How is a myoma (fibroid) treated?

Treatment for fibroids begins with seeking medical care from your health care provider. To determine whether you have fibroids, your health care provider will ask you to undergo diagnostic testing.

Some women with fibroids never have any symptoms. When symptoms do occur, however, you may be asked to undergo a pelvic examination and an Read more about myoma (fibroid)treatments

Medical Reviewer: William C. Lloyd III, MD, FACS Last Annual Review Date: Sep 6, 2013 Copyright: © Copyright 2014 Health Grades, Inc. All rights reserved. May not be reproduced or reprinted without permission from Health Grades, Inc. Use of this information is governed by the HealthGrades User Agreement.