What are muscle conditions?

Muscle conditions include any disease or injury affecting the body’s muscles and resulting in dysfunction, atrophy, or paralysis. The most common cause of muscle conditions is injury.

Muscles Problems Spotlight

Muscle conditions associated with injury are common. Disorders of the muscles due to inflammation (myositis), or myopathies (diseases of muscle tissue) occur less frequently and vary by specific condition.

Muscle conditions develop as the result of several processes. Injury-related muscle conditions most commonly result from overuse or trauma. Muscle disease may be caused by inflammation, genetic conditions, infection, cancer, or nerve disease. Most commonly, people develop muscle inflammation due to an injury, such as a strain or sprain. Overuse of a muscle resulting in inflammation of a tendon (tendinitis) is a common muscle condition. Less commonly, genetics play a role in muscle conditions that affect the neural, hormonal, or metabolic regulation of a muscle or muscle groups. Soft tissue sarcomas are a type of cancer that can cause a number of muscle conditions.

The signs and symptoms of muscle disorders vary by type. Acute injury-related muscle conditions can resolve relatively quickly whereas genetic or disease-related muscle conditions may last indefinitely. Muscle pain, spasm, stiffness, weakness, atrophy, and even paralysis are possible symptoms. Fortunately, many muscle conditions can be treated successfully with rest, anti-inflammatory medicines, physical therapy, and, in rare cases, surgery. Even better, you can reduce your risk of overuse-related muscle conditions by proper conditioning and warming up prior to engaging in strenuous activity.

In rare cases, muscle conditions may be a sign of a serious neuromuscular disorder. Seek immediate medical care (call 911) for serious symptoms, including difficulty lifting the front part of your foot and toes, weakness in your legs, feet or ankles, hand weakness or clumsiness, slurring of speech or trouble swallowing, or muscle cramps and twitching in your arms, shoulders and tongue.

Seek prompt medical care if you are being treated for muscle conditions but mild symptoms recur or are persistent.

SYMPTOMS

What are the symptoms of muscle conditions?

Muscle conditions cause dysfunction of the muscle fibers due to inflammation, nerve impingement, or nerve disorders and can cause a number of symptoms. The symptoms can vary in intensity among individuals.

Common muscle symptoms of muscle conditions

You may experience muscle condition symptoms daily or just once in a while. At times, any of these common muscle symptoms ... Read more about muscle conditionssymptoms

CAUSES

What causes muscle conditions?

Muscle conditions include any disease or injury affecting the body’s muscles and resulting in dysfunction, atrophy, or paralysis. The most common cause of muscle conditions is injury.

Muscle conditions develop as the result of several processes. Muscle disease may be caused by inflammation, genetics, infection, cancer, or nerve disease. Most commonly, people develop muscle inflamm... Read more about muscle conditionscauses

TREATMENTS

How are muscle conditions treated?

Treatment for muscle conditions begins with seeking medical care from your health care provider. To determine if you have muscle conditions, your health care provider will ask you to undergo diagnostic testing. It is important to follow your treatment plan for muscle conditions precisely and to take all of the medications as instructed.

Treatment options for muscle conditions will... Read more about muscle conditionstreatments

Medical Reviewer: William C. Lloyd III, MD, FACS Last Annual Review Date: Sep 6, 2013 Copyright: © Copyright 2014 Health Grades, Inc. All rights reserved. May not be reproduced or reprinted without permission from Health Grades, Inc. Use of this information is governed by the HealthGrades User Agreement.

This Article is Filed Under: Bones, Joints and Muscles


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