How is mesenteric adenitis treated?

Treatment for mesenteric adenitis begins with seeking medical care from your health care provider. To determine whether you have mesenteric adenitis, your health care provider may ask you to undergo diagnostic testing.

Mesenteric adenitis may be treated with over-the-counter analgesics to relieve abdominal discomfort. However, if required, an antibiotic or antiviral therapy may be given. It is important to follow your treatment plan for mesenteric adenitis precisely and to take all of the antibiotics as instructed to avoid reinfection or recurrence.

If you have diarrhea and vomiting, fluid and electrolyte replenishment is also a component of successful treatment.

What you can do to improve your mesenteric adenitis

In addition to following your health care provider’s instructions and taking all medications as prescribed, you can enhance your recovery time by:

  • Applying moist heat to the abdomen to ease tenderness
  • Ensuring adequate hydration by drinking plenty of water and electrolyte solutions
  • Getting plenty of rest

What are the potential complications of mesenteric adenitis?

You can help minimize your risk of serious complications by following the treatment plan you and your health care professional specifically design for you.

Although serious complications are rare with mesenteric adenitis, left untreated, mesenteric adenitis may lead to complications including:

  • Electrolyte imbalance
  • Spread of infection


  1. Clinical and imaging mimickers of acute appendicitis in the pediatric population. American Journal of Roentgenology..
  2. Appendicitis, mesenteric lymphadenitis, and subsequent risk of ulcerative colitis: cohort studies in Sweden and Denmark. PubMed Health.

What is mesenteric adenitis?

Mesenteric adenitis, sometimes known as mesenteric lymphadenitis, refers to a condition in which the lymph nodes in the mesentery of the abdomen become inflamed. The mesentery is the tissue that connects the intestines to the internal lining of the abdominal wall. Inflammation of the mesenteric lymph nodes results in abdominal pain, tenderness and fever. The most common cause of mesenteric aden... Read more about mesenteric adenitisintroduction


What are the symptoms of mesenteric adenitis?

Mesenteric adenitis infection causes inflammation of the lymph nodes within the mesentery (the tissue that connects the intestines to the internal lining of the abdominal wall. This may result in a number of symptoms that can vary in intensity among individuals.

Common symptoms of mesenteric adenitis

You may experience mesenteric adenitis symptoms daily or just once in ... Read more about mesenteric adenitissymptoms


What causes mesenteric adenitis?

The most common cause of mesenteric adenitis is bacterial or viral infection. The infection is present in the lymph nodes within the mesentery, a membrane that attaches the intestines to the abdominal wall. When lymph nodes are infected, they become inflamed, resulting in symptoms.

What are the risk factors for mesenteric adenitis?

A number of factors increase the risk ... Read more about mesenteric adenitiscauses

Medical Reviewer: Cynthia Haines, MD Last Annual Review Date: Aug 5, 2013 Copyright: © Copyright 2014 Health Grades, Inc. All rights reserved. May not be reproduced or reprinted without permission from Health Grades, Inc. Use of this information is governed by the HealthGrades User Agreement.

This Article is Filed Under: Digestive System

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