What is mesenteric adenitis?

Mesenteric adenitis, sometimes known as mesenteric lymphadenitis, refers to a condition in which the lymph nodes in the mesentery of the abdomen become inflamed. The mesentery is the tissue that connects the intestines to the internal lining of the abdominal wall. Inflammation of the mesenteric lymph nodes results in abdominal pain, tenderness and fever. The most common cause of mesenteric adenitis is a viral infection within the intestines. Mesenteric adenitis most commonly occurs in children and adolescents in the United States.

The signs and symptoms of mesenteric adenitis can last from a few days up to a few weeks. It is common for mesenteric adenitis to be mistaken for appendicitis, as the signs and symptoms are very similar. The disease course varies among individuals. If you have mesenteric adenitis, you might have mild symptoms, while others may have severe abdominal pain and fever. Mesenteric adenitis is usually not a serious condition, and many cases resolve spontaneously.

Some cases of mesenteric adenitis may be a sign of more serious diseases, such as lymphoma or inflammatory bowel disease. The symptoms can mimic those of appendicitis, which if left untreated may lead to serious symptoms. Seek immediate medical care (call 911) for serious symptoms, such as high fever (higher than 101 degrees Fahrenheit), severe abdominal pain, abdominal swelling, distension or bloating, and nausea with or without vomiting.

Seek prompt medical care

if you are being treated for mesenteric adenitis but mild symptoms recur or are persistent, or if you experience abdominal pain accompanied by loss of appetite or a change in bowel habits that interferes with sleep.

SYMPTOMS

What are the symptoms of mesenteric adenitis?

Mesenteric adenitis infection causes inflammation of the lymph nodes within the mesentery (the tissue that connects the intestines to the internal lining of the abdominal wall. This may result in a number of symptoms that can vary in intensity among individuals.

Common symptoms of mesenteric adenitis

You may experience mesenteric adenitis symptoms daily or just once in ... Read more about mesenteric adenitissymptoms

CAUSES

What causes mesenteric adenitis?

The most common cause of mesenteric adenitis is bacterial or viral infection. The infection is present in the lymph nodes within the mesentery, a membrane that attaches the intestines to the abdominal wall. When lymph nodes are infected, they become inflamed, resulting in symptoms.

What are the risk factors for mesenteric adenitis?

A number of factors increase the risk ... Read more about mesenteric adenitiscauses

TREATMENTS

How is mesenteric adenitis treated?

Treatment for mesenteric adenitis begins with seeking medical care from your health care provider. To determine whether you have mesenteric adenitis, your health care provider may ask you to undergo diagnostic testing.

Mesenteric adenitis may be treated with over-the-counter analgesics to relieve abdominal discomfort. However, if required, an antibiotic or antiviral therapy may be... Read more about mesenteric adenitistreatments

Medical Reviewer: Cynthia Haines, MD Last Annual Review Date: Aug 5, 2013 Copyright: © Copyright 2014 Health Grades, Inc. All rights reserved. May not be reproduced or reprinted without permission from Health Grades, Inc. Use of this information is governed by the HealthGrades User Agreement.

This Article is Filed Under: Digestive System


Did You Know?

View Source

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is one of the most common disorders diagnosed by doctors. In fact, it's estimated that as many as 20 percent of adults have symptoms of IBS.