Lymphoma: Symptoms

By Spader, Catherine RN

What are the symptoms of lymphoma?

Symptoms of lymphoma can vary among individuals and differ depending on the specific type and stage of advancement of the disease.

Symptoms of lymphoma are generally caused by the high numbers of abnormal white blood cells that overcome the normal white blood cells and red blood cells. The abnormal white blood cells are not able to fight infection as effectively as the normal white blood cells, resulting in frequent infections. Lower numbers of red blood cells result in anemia and symptoms that include fatigue, shortness of breath, pale skin, and slow healing of wounds.

Lymphoma that has spread to the bone marrow also reduces the number of platelet cells, which are needed for normal clotting. This results in easy bleeding and bruising.

Symptoms of lymphoma include:

  • Anemia

  • Bone and joint pain

  • Easy bruising and bleeding

  • Fatigue, weakness and malaise

  • Fever

  • Loss of appetite

  • Night sweats

  • Pale skin (pallor)

  • Shortness of breath

  • Slow healing of wounds

  • Swollen lymph gland or glands (lymphadenopathy), which often appear first in the neck, groin or armpit. The swollen glands can also appear in other areas of the body.

  • Unexpected weight loss

INTRODUCTION

What is lymphoma?

Lymphoma is a general name for a group of cancers of the blood that originate in the lymph glands. The lymph glands are organs of the immune system and are part of the body’s defense against infection and disease. Lymph glands are located throughout the body.

Lymphoma is the result of change or mutation in the infection-fighting white blood cells called lymphocytes, which are ... Read more about lymphomaintroduction

CAUSES

What causes lymphoma?

The underlying cause of lymphoma is not known, but in some cases lymphoma develops in people who have weakened immune systems. This includes people taking immune-suppressing drugs for an organ transplant or people with HIV/AIDS.

Certain infections are associated with the development of lymphoma. These include infection with the Epstein-Barr virus, Helicobacter pylori bacter... Read more about lymphomacauses

TREATMENTS

How is lymphoma treated?

Treatment of lymphoma begins with seeking regular medical care throughout your life. Regular medical care allows a health care professional to best evaluate the risks of developing lymphoma and promptly order diagnostic testing for such symptoms as an enlarged lymph node. These measures greatly increase the chances of catching lymphoma in its earliest, most curable stage.

The goal... Read more about lymphomatreatments

Medical Reviewer: William C. Lloyd III, MD, FACS Last Annual Review Date: Sep 6, 2013 Copyright: © Copyright 2014 Health Grades, Inc. All rights reserved. May not be reproduced or reprinted without permission from Health Grades, Inc. Use of this information is governed by the HealthGrades User Agreement.

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