What are the symptoms of ischemic heart disease?

Ischemic heart disease reduces the flow of blood to the coronary arteries, which carry oxygen to the heart. This reduction in blood flow may result in a number of symptoms, which can vary in intensity among individuals.

Common symptoms of ischemic heart disease

You may experience ischemic heart disease symptoms daily or just occasionally. Common symptoms include chest pain, chest pressure, or shortness of breath that:

  • Is relieved by rest or medicine
  • May feel as if pain starting in the chest spreads to the arms, back, or other areas
  • May feel like gas or indigestion (more common in women)
  • Occurs repeatedly; episodes tend to be alike
  • Occurs when the heart must work harder, usually during physical exertion
  • Usually lasts a short time (five minutes or less)

Serious symptoms that might indicate a life-threatening condition

In some cases, ischemic heart disease can be life threatening. Seek immediate medical care (call 911) if you, or someone you are with, have any of these life-threatening symptoms including:

  • Chest pain, typically on the left side of the body (angina pectoris)
  • Clammy skin
  • Nausea with or without vomiting
  • Pain in the neck or jaw
  • Rapid breathing (tachypnea) or shortness of breath
  • Shoulder or arm pain

INTRODUCTION

What is ischemic heart disease?

Ischemic heart disease is a condition of recurring chest pain or discomfort that occurs when a part of the heart does not receive enough blood. This condition occurs most often during exertion or excitement, when the heart requires greater blood flow. Ischemic heart disease, also called coronary heart disease, is common in the United States and is a leading cause of death worldwide.
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CAUSES

What causes ischemic heart disease?

Ischemic heart disease is caused by a decrease in blood flow through one or more of the blood vessels that carry oxygen to your heart (coronary arteries). When blood flow is reduced, the heart muscle does not receive the amount of oxygen it needs to function properly.

Ischemic heart disease may develop slowly, as plaque builds up over time, or it may occur quickly if an artery is ... Read more about ischemic heart diseasecauses

TREATMENTS

How is ischemic heart disease treated?

Treatment for ischemic heart disease begins with seeking medical care from your health care provider. To determine if you have ischemic heart disease, your health care provider will ask you to undergo several diagnostic tests.

Medications used to treat ischemic heart disease

Drug therapy is commonly used for treatment of ischemic heart disease and includes:

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Medical Reviewer: William C. Lloyd III, MD, FACS Last Annual Review Date: Aug 23, 2013 Copyright: © Copyright 2014 Health Grades, Inc. All rights reserved. May not be reproduced or reprinted without permission from Health Grades, Inc. Use of this information is governed by the HealthGrades User Agreement.

Your Guide to Heart Disease

This Article is Filed Under: Heart Disease, Heart, Blood and Circulation


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