What are the symptoms of hypocalcemia?

In adults, symptoms may not appear initially, but can occur as the condition progresses. These symptoms include muscle spasms and twitching, cardiac arrhythmias (irregular heartbeat), and a pins-and-needles (prickling) sensation in the hands and feet.

Infants with hypocalcemia may seem lethargic, irritable and slow, or they may experience seizures, tremors and twitching. They may have difficulty latching or feeding and display a poor appetite. However, these symptoms may mimic other medical conditions, so it is crucial that they are evaluated by a health care professional.

Common symptoms of hypocalcemia in adults

Symptoms of hypocalcemia include:

  • Abdominal cramps
  • Arrhythmia (irregular heartbeat)
  • Depression
  • Irritability
  • Lethargy or sluggishness
  • Muscle spasms
  • Seizures

Common symptoms of hypocalcemia in newborns

Symptoms of hypocalcemia in newborns include:

  • Difficulty with latching and feeding
  • Irritability
  • Lethargy or sluggishness
  • Loss of appetite
  • Muscle spasms
  • Seizures and tremors

Symptoms that might indicate a serious condition

All cases of hypocalcemia can indicate a serious condition that should be immediately evaluated in an emergency setting. Seek immediate medical care (call 911) if you, or someone you are with, have the following serious symptoms:

  • Convulsions or seizures
  • Difficulty feeding or loss of appetite in an infant
  • Muscle spasms
INTRODUCTION

What is hypocalcemia?

Calcium brings important benefits to your health and vitality. Not only is it essential for bone growth and health, but it also plays a role in nerve signal conduction to the brain, cell function, and muscle contraction. Sometimes calcium levels can become abnormally low. Hypocalcemia (low calcium in the blood) occurs when blood calcium levels in your body become deficient.

... Read more about hypocalcemiaintroduction

CAUSES

What causes hypocalcemia?

Low calcium levels are thought to be caused by underactivity in the parathyroid gland, which regulates the amount of calcium in your body, or high levels of phosphorous, which can lower calcium levels. Hypocalcemia can also be caused by low levels of the protein albumin, which is manufactured in the liver, and is important in fluid regulation in the cells and tissues in your body. Deficiencies ... Read more about hypocalcemiacauses

TREATMENTS

How is hypocalcemia treated?

Hypocalcemia is treated with infusions to restore and replenish calcium levels in the body. These infusions may be provided by supplements that can be taken orally or administered intravenously. If the hypocalcemia is due to an underlying medical condition, treatment is also directed at that specific condition.

Hypocalcemia may resolve on its own without treatment; this is more li... Read more about hypocalcemiatreatments

Medical Reviewer: Cynthia Haines, MD Last Annual Review Date: Aug 2, 2013 Copyright: © Copyright 2014 Health Grades, Inc. All rights reserved. May not be reproduced or reprinted without permission from Health Grades, Inc. Use of this information is governed by the HealthGrades User Agreement.

This Article is Filed Under: Bones, Joints and Muscles


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