What are the symptoms of hypercalcemia?

Hypercalcemia is often mild and does not cause symptoms. When symptoms become noticeable, they can vary depending on the severity, type and stage of the underlying disease, and individual factors, such as your age.

General symptoms of hypercalcemia

High blood calcium can involve the following symptoms:

  • Abdominal pain or discomfort

  • Bone pain and fractures

  • Decreased appetite

  • Difficulty concentrating

  • Excessive thirst

  • Excessive urination

  • Fatigue

  • Low back pain

  • Malaise or lethargy

  • Muscle twitching or weakness

  • Nausea and vomiting

Psychological or neurological symptoms that may occur with hypercalcemia

High blood calcium may accompany symptoms related to the nervous system or psychiatric conditions including:

  • Dementia

  • Depression

  • Irritability and mood changes

  • Loss of memory

Symptoms that might indicate a serious or life-threatening condition

Hypercalcemia may occur with symptoms that might indicate a serious or life-threatening condition, such as kidney stones, kidney failure, or serious depression, which should be immediately evaluated in an emergency setting. Seek immediate medical care (call 911) if you, or someone you are with, have any of these symptoms including:

  • Bloody urine

  • Chest pain or palpitations

  • Confusion, disorientation, decreased alertness, lethargy, or loss of consciousness

  • Inability to urinate or severely reduced urination

  • Inability to walk normally after a fall or other injury

  • Severe flank or abdominal pain

  • Talking about or having thoughts of harming oneself or committing suicide

INTRODUCTION

What is hypercalcemia?

Hypercalcemia is a condition in which the blood has too much calcium. Calcium is a mineral that is essential for many aspects of health, including the health of bones and teeth and a normal heart rhythm. Calcium is also required for muscle contractions and relaxation, nerve and hormone function, and blood pressure regulation.... Read more about hypercalcemiaintroduction

CAUSES

What causes hypercalcemia?

The most common cause of hypercalcemia is primary hyperparathyroidism. This condition occurs when the parathyroid glands overproduce parathyroid hormone (PTH), which causes the body to retain calcium.... Read more about hypercalcemiacauses

TREATMENTS

How is hypercalcemia treated?

Prompt diagnosis and treatment of hypercalcemia reduces the risk of developing serious complications, such as osteoporosis and kidney failure. Treatment involves rebalancing the body’s calcium levels, as well as treating the underlying cause and any associated complications. Treatments may include:... Read more about hypercalcemiatreatments

Medical Reviewer: McDonough, Brian MD Last Annual Review Date: Jul 8, 2011 Copyright: © Copyright 2011 Health Grades, Inc. All rights reserved. May not be reproduced or reprinted without permission from Health Grades, Inc. Use of this information is governed by the HealthGrades User Agreement.

This Article is Filed Under: Heart, Blood and Circulation