What is hip cancer?

Cancers of the hip can start in the bones of the hip or may spread there from elsewhere. Cancers that start in the bones of the hip are primary bone cancers. Hip cancer can also originate in the bone marrow, cartilage, and soft tissue. Among these cancer types, the most common are leukemia and multiple myeloma, which form in the bone marrow. Other malignancies that can develop in the hip include osteosarcoma, chondrosarcoma, Ewing’s sarcoma and soft tissue sarcomas.

Cancer in the bone that has spread from other areas of the body (metastatic cancer) occurs more frequently than primary bone cancer. Breast, kidney, lung, prostate and thyroid cancers metastasize more frequently to bones than do other cancers.

The most common symptom of cancer in the hip is pain, which can be severe enough to disrupt sleep. Weakening of the involved bone can lead to fractures, which can be extremely painful. Sometimes, swelling or a mass may be felt in the hip. Other symptoms of hip cancer may be nonspecific and can include enlarged lymph nodes, fevers, chills, night sweats, fatigue and a general ill feeling.

Treatment of hip cancer depends on the exact type of cancer present and the extent of its spread at the time it is found. Some treatments can be very effective at relieving symptoms; for patients who have myeloma or leukemia, remission (in which there is no sign of the disease) also may be possible.

Myeloma and leukemia can decrease production of new blood cells, including those that fight infection and are involved in blood clotting. Seek immediate medical care (call 911) for symptoms such as uncontrolled bleeding, severe sweating, severe difficulty breathing, pale or blue lips, fast heart rate, confusion, high fever (higher than 101 degrees Fahrenheit), loss or change in level of consciousness, or anxiety.

Fractures of the hip can lead to significant complications. Seek prompt medical care if you experience severe hip pain, deformity, swelling and bruising, or difficulty moving your leg.


What are the symptoms of hip cancer?

Symptoms of hip cancer include pain, fractures, and swelling or a mass in the hip. Other symptoms tend to be nonspecific or related to the primary type of cancer.

Common symptoms of hip cancer

Symptoms of hip cancer may include:


What causes hip cancer?

Although the specific cause of primary hip cancer is not known, a number of factors are associated with its development.

What are the risk factors for hip cancer?

A number of factors increase the risk of developing some of the specific types of hip cancer. Not all people with risk factors will get hip cancer. Risk factors for hip cancer include:


How is hip cancer treated?

The goal of hip cancer treatment is to permanently cure the cancer or to bring about a complete remission of the disease. Remission means that there is no longer any sign of the disease in the body, although it may recur or relapse later.

It is important to continue regular visits with your medical care team so that progression, relapse or metastasis can be caught early and to wat... Read more about hip cancertreatments

Medical Reviewer: Cynthia Haines, MD Last Annual Review Date: Aug 2, 2013 Copyright: © Copyright 2014 Health Grades, Inc. All rights reserved. May not be reproduced or reprinted without permission from Health Grades, Inc. Use of this information is governed by the HealthGrades User Agreement.

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