What are the symptoms of a hiatal hernia?
Symptoms of a hiatal hernia can vary in nature and severity between individuals. Most people with hiatal hernia have no symptoms or complications. When symptoms of hiatal hernia occur, they can be related to acid reflux (regurgitation of stomach acid into the esophagus) because some people with hiatal hernia also have a condition called GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease).
Symptoms of a hiatal hernia can range in severity from mild to severe and include:
- Acidic taste in the mouth
- Bad breath
- Difficulty swallowing
- Epigastric pain or burning, which can run from the stomach area up to the mouth
- Nausea and vomiting
Symptoms that might indicate a serious or life-threatening condition
In some cases, hiatal hernia can result in serious or life-threatening complications, such as strangulated hiatal hernia or esophageal ulcers. Seek immediate medical care (call 911) if you, or someone you are with, have the following symptoms:
Inability to have a bowel movement or pass gas
Sudden or severe chest pain
What is a hiatal hernia?
Hiatal hernia is a condition in which a portion of the stomach pushes up
abnormally through an opening in the diaphragm called the hiatus. The
diaphragm is a sheet of muscle that separates the chest from the
abdomen. The normal hiatus permits the esophagus to transfer swallowed
food to the stomach. Hiatal hernia is also called a hiatus hernia.
A hiatal hernia is often not a se... Read more about hiatal herniaintroduction
What causes a hiatal hernia?
In most cases, the cause of hiatal hernia is not known. Some cases of hiatal hernia are caused by the following conditions:
- Episodes of violent vomiting
- Pregnancy and delivery
- Straining during bowel movements
How is hiatal hernia treated?
Treatment of hiatal hernia includes an individualized, multifaceted plan that minimizes the discomfort of symptoms and decreases the risk of developing complications, such as strangulated hiatal hernia. Treatment varies depending on the severity of symptoms; the type of hiatal hernia; the presence of coexisting diseases, such as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD); and your age and medical h... Read more about hiatal herniatreatments