What are the symptoms of hay fever?
The symptoms of hay fever include congestion, itchy and watery eyes, and other symptoms similar to those of a common cold. The symptoms you experience immediately after exposure to an allergen may differ from symptoms you experience the next time you are exposed to that allergen or after chronic exposure to an allergen.
Early symptoms of hay fever
You may experience hay fever symptoms immediately after exposure to an allergen like pollen. At times any of these hay fever symptoms can be severe:
- Decreased sense of smell
- Itchiness around your nose or mouth
- Itchy eyes
- Itchy skin
- Runny nose and congestion
- Watery eyes
Later or chronic symptoms of hay fever
You may experience severe hay fever symptoms if you are exposed to an allergen consistently or for long periods of time. Any of these hay fever symptoms can be severe:
- Changes in thinking, including slow or fuzzy thinking
- Coughing with or without a sore throat
- Earache or ears that feel plugged or clogged
- Fatigue, lethargy and irritability
- Red and itchy eyes
- Runny nose (nasal congestion)
- Sore throat
- Swelling in your face, especially around the eyes
Symptoms that might indicate a serious condition
In some rare cases, hay fever can be a serious condition that should be immediately evaluated in an emergency setting. Seek immediate medical care if you, or someone you are with, have serious difficulty breathing.
What is hay fever?
Hay fever (allergic rhinitis) is your body’s response to an allergen, such as pollen, dust or mold. Symptoms of hay fever include a runny nose, congestion, sneezing, watery eyes, itching, and coughing. Though symptoms of hay fever are similar to those of a common cold, hay fever symptoms usually last for longer periods of time or appear only after exposure to a specific allergen.... Read more about hay fever introduction
What causes hay fever?
Your body’s immune system is very effective at fighting infections due to viruses, bacteria or parasites. Occasionally, your body mistakes something harmless like tree pollen for something dangerous like a virus or bacteria. When this occurs, your body begins to attack the allergen as if it were a threat, which prompts the symptoms of hay fever.... Read more about hay fever causes
How is hay fever treated?
Though there is no cure for hay fever, other than completely avoiding allergens that cause your symptoms, some treatments may make the condition much easier to endure. The most common treatments include prescription medications, such as antihistamines, corticosteroids, decongestants, and leukotriene inhibitors. Immune therapy is also used in more severe cases. You and your healthcare provider should determine which treatments are best for you to control your hay fever.... Read more about hay fever treatments