What are the symptoms of a fractured femur?

Symptoms of a fractured femur are primarily localized to the area of the thigh. If other injuries or severe bleeding are associated with the fracture, these conditions may also produce symptoms, some of which may be life threatening.

Common symptoms of a fractured femur

Typically, a fractured femur results in intense pain, deformity, and inability to move the leg. Common symptoms include:

  • Bleeding or bruising
  • Deformity of the leg
  • Inability to move the affected leg
  • Muscle spasms
  • Numbness or tingling
  • Severe pain
  • Swelling

Serious symptoms that might indicate a life-threatening condition

A fractured femur is an emergency that can in some cases be life threatening. Seek immediate medical care (call 911) if you, or someone you are with, have any of these life-threatening symptoms including:

  • Confusion or loss of consciousness for even a brief moment
  • Heavy or uncontrollable bleeding
  • Inability to move the leg
  • Low blood pressure (hypotension)
  • Protruding fragments of bone through the skin
  • Severe pain

What is a fractured femur?

A fractured femur is a breakage in the thigh bone (femur), the longest, strongest and heaviest bone in the human body. The strength and size of the femur means that under typical circumstances, a large force or extensive trauma is needed in order to result in a fracture. Motor vehicle accidents and falls are examples of common accidents that result in a fractured femur. Conversely, femur f... Read more about fractured femurintroduction


What causes a fractured femur?

Accidents are the most common cause of fractured femur. A relatively strong force is required to break this sturdy bone in otherwise healthy individuals, so motor vehicle accidents and high impact falls are among the most common causes. The fracture can occur anywhere along the bone. Most ‘hip fractures’ are actually fractures of the neck of the femur. Certain conditions, such as Read more about fractured femurcauses


How is a fractured femur treated?

Treatments for a fractured femur are based upon realignment of the fragments of the broken bone so that healing can take place. In some cases, dependent upon the location and extent of the fracture as well as the presence of associated injuries, surgical implantation of plates, rods, or screws may be necessary to help hold the bone fragments in place. Casting and traction are also common treatm... Read more about fractured femurtreatments

Medical Reviewer: William C. Lloyd III, MD, FACS Last Annual Review Date: Aug 9, 2013 Copyright: © Copyright 2014 Health Grades, Inc. All rights reserved. May not be reproduced or reprinted without permission from Health Grades, Inc. Use of this information is governed by the HealthGrades User Agreement.

This Article is Filed Under: Bones, Joints and Muscles

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