What are the signs of face problems?

The face contains your eyes, eyebrows, forehead, nose, cheeks, mouth, teeth and chin. To facilitate expression and movement, the face relies on a complex network of nerves that supply energy to its numerous muscles. The face also contains blood vessels and glands, as well as bones that hold its structure in place. Your special senses, such as hearing, smell, taste and vision, are channeled through the structures of the face. Face symptoms may include injuries to the nerves or bones that coordinate many of your face’s actions. They may include trauma to the face caused by a car accident, physical violence, or sports injury. Trauma may cause a loss of sensation in the face, difficulty breathing, swelling, blurred or double vision, facial deformity, and difficulty eating and drinking.

Sometimes face symptoms are not traumatic in origin, but are caused by a malfunctioning of the nerves that govern the face’s sensory or motor functions. The trigeminal nerve relays nerve impulses between the brain and the face, providing information about face and scalp sensation and controlling certain motor functions, such as chewing and biting. Trigeminal neuralgia is a condition manifesting with extreme facial pain that can feel like burning or an electric shock. The pain is severe enough that daily activities, such as chewing, eating, or teeth brushing, can be agonizing.

Other neurologic causes of face symptoms include Bell’s palsy and Parkinson’s disease. Bell’s palsy produces paralysis on one side of the face. Facial symptoms from Parkinson’s disease, a progressive neurologic condition, include facial tremors or twitches and a paralysis of the facial muscles that causes a rigid, mask-like appearance. An acoustic neuroma is a benign tumor of the nerve to the ear that results in hearing and balance problems.

Allergies or infections that cause inflammation of the sinuses, mouth, nose or throat can produce face symptoms and pain. Sinusitis is an inflammation of your sinuses, the air-filled pockets in your nasal passages, cheeks, forehead, and eyes. When your sinuses become clogged with excess mucus that cannot be drained, bacterial or other infections may develop, causing pain and congestion.

Face symptoms that are triggered by trauma should receive immediate medical attention. Seek immediate medical care (call 911) if you suffered trauma to the head and face and are experiencing symptoms of light-headedness, dizziness, nausea, double vision, severe bleeding, or loss of consciousness.

SYMPTOMS

What other symptoms might occur with face symptoms?

Face symptoms may accompany other symptoms that vary depending on the underlying disease, disorder or condition.

Related symptoms that may occur along with face symptoms

Face symptoms may accompany other symptoms in the head and neck region including:

CAUSES

What causes face symptoms?

Face symptoms may be due to injuries, damage to the nerves, inflammation, infections, tumors, neurologic conditions, allergies, or side effects of medications.

Certain rare genetic disorders caused by malformation of skeletal bones or failure of the bones to fuse properly can alter the appearance of the face. Inherited disorders, such as Treacher-Collins syndrome and Robin sequence... Read more about face symptomscauses

Medical Reviewer: William C. Lloyd III, MD, FACS Last Annual Review Date: Aug 9, 2013 Copyright: © Copyright 2014 Health Grades, Inc. All rights reserved. May not be reproduced or reprinted without permission from Health Grades, Inc. Use of this information is governed by the HealthGrades User Agreement.

This Article is Filed Under: Injuries and Wounds, Brain and Nerves


Popular Injuries and Wounds Slide Show