What is an embolism?

An embolism is a blockage in one of the arteries of the body due to a blood clot that has broken off from another location in the body (embolus) and traveled through the bloodstream to lodge in a small blood vessel. The blockage may limit or stop blood flow. An embolism may be serious and life threatening.

Blood Problems Spotlight

Deep vein thrombosis is the primary cause of embolism. In deep vein thrombosis, blood clots form in the large veins of the legs. Sometimes a blood clot breaks free and is carried through the bloodstream. It may then cause an embolism by blocking an artery in the lungs, brain, or other organs.

Symptoms of embolism vary greatly depending on the severity and location of the embolism. Some individuals with embolism have no symptoms. An embolism in the lungs is called a pulmonary embolism. An embolism in the brain can cause a stroke. An embolism in the coronary vessels that supply the heart can cause a heart attack.

Treatment of embolism aims to dissolve, remove, or limit the growth of the blood clot. This may be achieved through medication, minimally invasive procedures, or, rarely, surgery.

An embolism may be life threatening. Seek immediate medical care (call 911) for serious symptoms, such as altered vision, chest pain, fainting, palpitations, sweating, or severe difficulty breathing, or if you think you may be having a heart attack or stroke.

SYMPTOMS

What are the symptoms of an embolism?

Symptoms of an embolism vary with the severity and location of the embolism. It is possible to have an embolism without any symptoms.... Read more about embolismsymptoms

CAUSES

What causes an embolism?

An embolism is a blockage in one of the arteries of the body due to a blood clot. Blockage of an artery may restrict blood flow to a limb or organ.... Read more about embolismcauses

TREATMENTS

How is an embolism treated?

Treatment of an embolism varies greatly depending on its severity. The underlying cause of the embolism should be identified and treated promptly. Medications are used to control the formation and growth of blood clots and to restore blood flow to the affected area of the body. More invasive procedures may be required in severe or life-threatening cases of embolism, or if the blood clot is very large.... Read more about embolismtreatments

Medical Reviewer: All content has been reviewed by board-certified physicians under the direction of Rich Klasco, M.D., FACEP. Last Annual Review Date: May 2, 2011 Copyright: © Copyright 2011 Health Grades, Inc. All rights reserved. May not be reproduced or reprinted without permission from Health Grades, Inc. Use of this information is governed by the HealthGrades User Agreement.

This Article is Filed Under: Heart, Blood and Circulation