How is dengue fever treated?

There is no cure for dengue fever or vaccine to prevent the disease. Hospitalization in intensive care is required for people who develop dengue hemorrhagic fever and dengue shock syndrome. Most healthy people who get dengue fever will recover in about two weeks to one month by:

  • Getting plenty of rest

  • Increasing fluid intake

  • Taking acetaminophen (Tylenol) for fever and body aches. People with dengue fever should not take aspirin or medications that contain aspirin because these medications increase the risk for severe bleeding and hemorrhage.

What are the possible complications of dengue fever?

In some cases, especially in children, dengue fever can lead to a serious complication called dengue hemorrhagic fever. Dengue hemorrhagic fever can progress into dengue shock syndrome, a life-threatening complication. If not quickly treated with intensive life-saving measures, dengue shock syndrome can be fatal. Dengue hemorrhagic fever and dengue shock syndrome can develop in anyone with dengue fever but most often occurs in children who have had dengue fever previously.

References:

  1. Dengue. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. http://www.cdc.gov/dengue/fAQFacts/index.html.
  2. Dengue Fever. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health. http://www.niaid.nih.gov/topics/DengueFever/Understanding/Pages/Symptoms.aspx.
  3. Tierney LM Jr., Saint S, Whooley MA (Eds.) Current Essentials of Medicine (4th ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill, 2011.
  4. Simmons CP, Farrar JJ, Nguyen vV, Wills B. Dengue. N Engl J Med 2012; 366:1423.
INTRODUCTION

What is dengue fever?

Dengue fever, also called dengue, is a potentially serious disease caused by a virus transmitted by mosquitoes. There are four types of dengue viruses that can cause illness in humans.

Dengue fever is rare in the United States but common and a serious public health threat in warm subtropical and tropical areas of the world. These include areas of Central and South America, Afri... Read more about dengue feverintroduction

SYMPTOMS

What are the symptoms of dengue fever?

The symptoms of dengue fever can closely resemble symptoms of influenza (flu). Symptoms may vary in character and severity between individuals. Symptoms typically develop rapidly and can be severe:

CAUSES

What causes dengue fever?

Dengue viruses are transmitted between humans by the bite of an infected mosquito. Mosquitoes pick up the dengue virus when they bite a human who is infected with the virus. The mosquito then carries the virus in its own blood and spreads it when it bites other humans.

After a dengue virus enters the human bloodstream, it spreads throughout the body. Symptoms appear in about eight... Read more about dengue fevercauses

Medical Reviewer: William C. Lloyd III, MD, FACS Last Annual Review Date: Aug 9, 2013 Copyright: © Copyright 2014 Health Grades, Inc. All rights reserved. May not be reproduced or reprinted without permission from Health Grades, Inc. Use of this information is governed by the HealthGrades User Agreement.

This Article is Filed Under: Infections and Contagious Diseases


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