What are the symptoms of cystitis?

The symptoms of cystitis result from the irritation and inflammation of the bladder and the urethra. Symptoms of cystitis include:

  • Bloody or pink-colored urine (hematuria)

  • Cloudy urine

  • Difficult and/or painful urination and/or burning with urination (dysuria)

  • Fever

  • Foul-smelling urine

  • Frequent urination that often produces only a small amount of urine (frequency)

  • Lower abdominal pain

  • Urge to urinate in a hurry (urgency)

Serious symptoms that might indicate a life-threatening condition

Cystitis that is caused by a bacterial urinary tract infection can lead to potentially serious, even life-threatening complications in some people, especially if left untreated. These include kidney infection (pyelonephritis), kidney failure, and sepsis. Seek immediate medical care (call 911) if you have any of these symptoms:

  • Change in consciousness or mental status

  • High fever (higher than 101 degrees Fahrenheit) and chills

  • Inability to urinate

  • Pain on one side of the body between the upper abdomen and the back (flank pain)

  • Producing no urine or only small amounts of dark or tea-colored urine

INTRODUCTION

What is cystitis?

Cystitis is an inflammation of the bladder and possibly the urethra that may occur with a urinary tract infection. Cystitis is frequently caused by infection, which is more common in women because a woman’s urethra is shorter than a man’s urethra, making it easier for bacteria to enter and infect the female bladder.

The bladder is a balloon-like organ in the lower abdomen, sp... Read more about cystitisintroduction

CAUSES

What causes cystitis?

Cystitis is an inflammation of the bladder and possibly the urethra. Most often, cystitis is caused by a bladder infection, and it occurs most often in women.

Normally, the bladder, urethra, and the rest of the urinary tract are sterile and contain no bacteria or other microorganisms. Cystitis can occur when bacteria enters the bladder from outside the body through the urethra. Ba... Read more about cystitiscauses

TREATMENTS

How is cystitis treated?

Treatment of cystitis begins with seeking regular medical care. Regular medical care allows your health care professional to promptly order diagnostic testing in the earliest, most treatable stage of a urinary tract infection or cystitis.

Prompt diagnosis and treatment of the underlying cause of cystitis reduces the risk of developing serious complications, such as kidney infectio... Read more about cystitistreatments

Medical Reviewer: William C. Lloyd III, MD, FACS Last Annual Review Date: Aug 9, 2013 Copyright: © Copyright 2014 Health Grades, Inc. All rights reserved. May not be reproduced or reprinted without permission from Health Grades, Inc. Use of this information is governed by the HealthGrades User Agreement.

This Article is Filed Under: Kidneys and the Urinary System, Overactive Bladder

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