What are the signs of cervix problems?

The cervix is the lower portion of the uterus that protrudes into the vagina. Common symptoms related to conditions of the cervix include vaginal discharge, spotting, bleeding, pain, pressure, or discomfort. Such symptoms can be caused by inflammation, infection, injury, allergy, precancerous cellular changes, or cervical cancer.

Inflammation and allergy can be caused by chemicals, lubricants, condoms and devices that come in contact with the cervix, depending upon their composition. Many cervical infections, including chlamydia, gonorrhea, trichomoniasis, herpes, and human papilloma virus, or HPV, are transmitted through sexual contact. Changes in cervical cells can occur due to chronic inflammation or infection, and can sometimes develop into cancers.

Depending upon the cause of cervix symptoms and their extent or severity, other symptoms may accompany cervix symptoms. In the case of infection, inflammation, and allergy, there also may be vaginal itching, swelling or odor. Advanced cervical cancers can cause symptoms such as changes in bowel or bladder function, leaking of urine or stool into the vagina, leg pain and swelling, generalized fatigue, loss of appetite, and weight loss.

Diagnosis of the cause of cervix symptoms often requires evaluating potential exposures and medical history as well as a pelvic exam. A pelvic exam includes looking at the cervix using a speculum, taking samples, and a bimanual exam, or palpation of the uterus, tubes and ovaries. The exam generally includes testing for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), including chlamydia, gonorrhea, HIV, syphilis and hepatitis C. 

Other tests may be done depending upon the suspected cause. Treatment varies based on the condition, but many cervix symptoms resolve with appropriate treatment. Sexual partners should be notified and offered treatment for STDs.

Sometimes, cervix symptoms can accompany a serious or potentially life-threatening condition. Seek immediate medical care (call 911) for symptoms such as uncontrolled or heavy bleeding, bleeding during pregnancy, high fever (higher than 101 degrees Fahrenheit), or severe pain in the pelvis or abdomen.

Cervix symptoms often require treatment to avoid complications. If you have cervix symptoms, seek prompt medical care.


What other symptoms might occur with cervix symptoms?

Cervix symptoms may accompany other symptoms, which vary depending on the underlying disease, disorder or condition. Symptoms that frequently affect the genitourinary tract may also involve other body systems.

Genitourinary tract symptoms that may occur along with cervix symptoms

Cervix symptoms may accompany other symptoms affecting the genitourinary tract including: Read more about cervix symptomssymptoms


What causes cervix symptoms?

A variety of conditions can cause cervix symptoms including inflammation, infection, injury, allergy, precancerous cellular changes, and cervical cancer.

Infectious causes of cervix symptoms

Cervix symptoms may be caused by infections including:

Medical Reviewer: William C. Lloyd III, MD, FACS Last Annual Review Date: Aug 9, 2013 Copyright: © Copyright 2014 Health Grades, Inc. All rights reserved. May not be reproduced or reprinted without permission from Health Grades, Inc. Use of this information is governed by the HealthGrades User Agreement.