What causes cerebral hemorrhage?

Cerebral hemorrhage can be due to head trauma or can occur as a result of weakened blood vessels, which can be present at birth or can occur due to processes that damage blood vessels.

What are the risk factors for cerebral hemorrhage?

A number of factors increase the risk of developing cerebral hemorrhage. Not all people with risk factors will get cerebral hemorrhage. Risk factors for cerebral hemorrhage include:

  • Amyloid angiopathy (deposits of protein in artery walls)
  • Arteriovenous malformations (abnormal connections between arteries and veins)
  • Atherosclerosis (buildup of plaque on the walls of the coronary arteries; atherosclerosis is a type of arteriosclerosis)
  • Cerebral aneurysms (life-threatening bulging and weakening of the wall of an artery that can burst and cause severe hemorrhage in the brain)
  • Head trauma
  • Hypertension (high blood pressure)

Reducing your risk of cerebral hemorrhage

You may be able to lower your risk of cerebral hemorrhage by:

  • Controlling your blood pressure
  • Eating a healthy diet
  • Exercising regularly
  • Quitting smoking
  • Taking precautions against falling
  • Using safety devices such as helmets and seatbelts when necessary

What is cerebral hemorrhage?

Cerebral hemorrhage is uncontrolled bleeding in the brain. It can occur from an injury or as a result of a leaky or burst blood vessel. This can happen when a blood vessel gets weakened enough that its wall can no longer withstand the pressure of the blood flowing through it.

High blood pressure, atherosclerosis (buildup of plaque in artery walls), and amyloid angiopathy (protein ... Read more about cerebral hemorrhageintroduction


What are the symptoms of cerebral hemorrhage?

Symptoms of cerebral hemorrhage are related to their location. Some can interfere with function of parts of the body, some can interfere with sensation, and some can interfere with thought processes.

Common symptoms of cerebral hemorrhage

Common symptoms of cerebral hemorrhage include:


How is cerebral hemorrhage treated?

In the event of a cerebral hemorrhage, treatment depends upon the cause of the hemorrhage, as well as its location and the amount of blood. Surgery may be needed, and medications may be given to control symptoms. After initial treatment, rehabilitation may be necessary to help recover functions that may have been lost.

Common initial treatments for cerebral hemorrhage

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Medical Reviewer: William C. Lloyd III, MD, FACS Last Annual Review Date: Aug 9, 2013 Copyright: © Copyright 2014 Health Grades, Inc. All rights reserved. May not be reproduced or reprinted without permission from Health Grades, Inc. Use of this information is governed by the HealthGrades User Agreement.

This Article is Filed Under: Brain and Nerves