How is candidiasis treated?

Treatment of candidiasis begins with seeking regular medical care throughout your life. This allows your health care professional to assess your risks of developing candidiasis and promptly order diagnostic testing for candidiasis and underlying conditions as needed. These measures greatly increase the chances of diagnosing and treating underlying causes of candidiasis in their earliest stages.

Candidiasis treatment includes:

  • Antiseptic mouth washes for oral thrush

  • Diagnosing and treating any underlying diseases, such as HIV/AIDS and diabetes. Treating the high blood sugar levels of diabetes may resolve a current yeast infection and is critical to minimizing the risk of developing recurrent candidiasis.

  • Eating yogurt or taking acidophilus supplements, which can help correct the abnormal balance of microorganisms in the mouth and digestive tract

  • Medications, including prescription topical or oral antifungal medications such as fluconazole

In many cases, oral candidiasis (oral thrush) in infants can go away within two weeks and may need no treatment other than watching the progress of the mouth lesions. Because oral thrush may be painful in the mouth and affect feedings, the pediatrician should be notified if symptoms appear in an infant.

What are the possible complications of candidiasis?

Complications of candidiasis can be serious for people with weakened immune systems, such as those with HIV/AIDS or those taking steroid medications or on chemotherapy. In these cases, candidiasis can spread throughout the body, causing yeast infections in vital organs, such as the heart and the brain. This can result in critical, life-threatening complications, such as:

  • Endocarditis

  • Meningitis

  • Nephritis

Seek prompt medical care if you are experiencing symptoms of candidiasis and you have diabetes or HIV/AIDS, are being treating with chemotherapy, or are taking steroid medications.

Reference:


  1. Yeast infections. Medline Plus, a service of the National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health. http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/yeastinfections.html.
  2. Candidiasis. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. http://www.cdc.gov/fungal/diseases/candidiasis/.
  3. Pappas PG, Kauffman CA, Andes D, et al. Clinical practice guidelines for the management of candidiasis: 2009 update by the Infectious Diseases Society of America. Clin Infect Dis 2009; 48:503.
INTRODUCTION

What is candidiasis?

Candidiasis, commonly called a yeast infection, is an infection caused by a fungal microorganism, most often the fungus Candida albicans. Candidiasis is also known as candida and thrush. It can cause yeast infections in many areas of the body including:

SYMPTOMS

What are the symptoms of candidiasis?

Symptoms of candidiasis differ depending on the severity of the infection and the area of the body affected.

Candidiasis symptoms that affect the mouth (oral thrush) include:

CAUSES

What causes candidiasis?

Candidiasis most often occurs when there is an overgrowth of Candida albicans in places in the body where it normally lives, such as the mouth and vagina. When Candida albicans grows unchecked, it throws off the normal balance of other microorganisms that normally live in the body.

Certain factors or conditions can result in an overgrowth of Candida albicans. ... Read more about candidiasis informationcauses

Medical Reviewer: William C. Lloyd III, MD, FACS Last Annual Review Date: Aug 9, 2013 Copyright: © 2014 Health Grades, Inc. All rights reserved. May not be reproduced or reprinted without permission from Health Grades, Inc. Use of this information is governed by the HealthGrades User Agreement.