What is a breast duct papilloma?

A breast duct papilloma is a benign (noncancerous) growth in a breast milk duct. It is the most common cause of spontaneous discharge from the nipple. This discharge may be clear or bloody. A breast duct papilloma also may produce a small lump that you can feel next to or behind the nipple. A breast duct papilloma may not be identified on routine screening mammography.

A breast duct papilloma is generally a solitary tumor that is found most often in the milk ducts located near the nipple. Breast duct papillomas are typically found in women between the ages of 35 and 55.

A single breast duct papilloma does not increase the risk of developing breast cancer. If you have multiple papillomas, or develop a breast duct papilloma that contains certain cellular changes, you may have an increased breast cancer risk. Treatment is typically surgical removal and examination of the tissue to be certain that breast cancer is not present.

Seek prompt medical care if you notice any nipple discharge from either of your breasts, or if you notice a breast lump.

SYMPTOMS

What are the symptoms of a breast duct papilloma?

Symptoms of a breast duct papilloma include a clear or bloody nipple discharge, a lump next to or behind a nipple, breast enlargement, or breast pain.

Common symptoms of breast duct papilloma

The most common symptoms of breast duct papilloma are:

CAUSES

What causes a breast duct papilloma?

It is not known what causes a breast duct papilloma.

What are the risk factors for a breast duct papilloma?

The risk factors for developing a breast duct papilloma are not known. Breast duct papillomas occur most commonly in women between the ages of 35 and 55.

Reducing your risk of breast duct papilloma

Although it is not known how to prevent a... Read more about breast duct papillomacauses

TREATMENTS

How is a breast duct papilloma treated?

During breast duct papilloma treatment, your health care provider may surgically remove the papilloma and affected ducts. The removed tissue will then be checked for the presence of atypical or malignant (cancer) cells. If cancer cells are found, your health care provider may recommend more surgery or additional treatments.

The outcome for patients with a solitary breast duct ... Read more about breast duct papillomatreatments

Medical Reviewer: William C. Lloyd III, MD, FACS Last Annual Review Date: Aug 23, 2013 Copyright: © Copyright 2014 Health Grades, Inc. All rights reserved. May not be reproduced or reprinted without permission from Health Grades, Inc. Use of this information is governed by the HealthGrades User Agreement.