Bleeding Symptoms

By McBratney, Susan PhD
By Spader, Catherine RN

What are bleeding problems?

Bleeding can range in severity from a simple bruise to blood in the urine, stool, or sputum (mucus and phlegm). Bleeding can occur from any body part including the digestive tract, blood vessels, eyes, brain, and joints. Bleeding from the surface of the body, such as from a puncture wound, is often promptly identified and treated; whereas, internal bleeding is much more difficult to track and diagnose.

Abnormal spontaneous bleeding occurs as a consequence of vascular injury, decreased platelet number and function, absent or ineffective clotting factors, and deficient blood clot formation.

People who take blood-thinning medication or who have a bleeding disorder, such as hemophilia, are at risk for severe and prolonged bleeding because their blood does not clot properly. However, these types of conditions usually can be well managed when you adhere to your overall treatment plan prescribed by your doctor. Severe bleeding and suspected internal bleeding need a prompt professional medical diagnosis.

Types of bleeding symptoms:

  • Bleeding from ear, eye or gums

  • Bleeding under skin

  • Blood in semen or urine

  • Blood in sputum (mucus and phlegm)

  • Blood in vomit

  • Bruising easily

  • Coughing blood

  • Excessive vaginal bleeding

  • Postpartum bleeding (after childbirth)

  • Rectal bleeding or blood in stool

  • Recurring nosebleeds


SYMPTOMS

What other symptoms might occur with bleeding?

Bleeding may be accompanied by other symptoms, depending on the underlying disease, disorder or condition including:

  • Abdominal swelling or bloating
  • Body aches
CAUSES

What causes bleeding symptoms?

Bleeding symptoms, such as bloody stools and vomit, are often due to gastrointestinal bleeding. Here the precipitating cause is known and the bleeding will usually subside on its own (normal hemostatis). However, excessive unexplained bleeding or bruising can be caused by bleeding disorders and other severe diseases such as Read more about bleeding symptomscauses

Medical Reviewer: William C. Lloyd III, MD, FACS Last Annual Review Date: Aug 23, 2013 Copyright: © Copyright 2014 Health Grades, Inc. All rights reserved. May not be reproduced or reprinted without permission from Health Grades, Inc. Use of this information is governed by the HealthGrades User Agreement.

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