How are autoimmune thyroid diseases treated?
Often, autoimmune thyroid diseases can be symptomless or may not require medical treatment. In cases in which symptoms become bothersome, autoimmune thyroiditis may be treated with a synthetic thyroid hormone, such as levothyroxine (Levoxyl, Synthroid). In some cases, autoimmune thyroid disease symptoms, such as goiter, may resolve themselves over time.
What are the potential complications of autoimmune thyroid diseases?
Generally, autoimmune thyroid diseases themselves are mild and unlikely to lead to complications. In serious or untreated cases, however, bothersome complications can result. These complications are primarily related to decreased thyroid hormone production, and can include:
- Hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid)
- Unexplained weight gain
What are autoimmune thyroid diseases?
Autoimmune thyroid diseases, such as autoimmune thyroiditis, which is also known as Hashimoto’s thyroiditis or chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis, are conditions in which the immune system attacks the body’s own thyroid gland. The thyroid gland, which is a small gland at the front of the neck, becomes chronically inflamed and decreases production of the thyroid hormones triiodothy... Read more about autoimmune thyroid diseases introduction
What are the symptoms of autoimmune thyroid diseases?
In many cases, autoimmune thyroid diseases may be symptomless. Symptoms of chronic autoimmune thyroiditis are related to low levels of thyroid hormones, which can slow metabolism and affect many body systems.... Read more about autoimmune thyroid diseases symptoms
What causes autoimmune thyroid diseases?
Autoimmune thyroid diseases arise when the body attacks its own thyroid gland. When the immune system develops antibodies to thyroid tissue, it treats the thyroid gland as an invader of the body. This causes inflammation of the thyroid gland, which can destroy thyroid tissue over time. The thyroid is responsible for creating two hormones, triiodothyronine and thyroxine. Low levels of these hormones can lead to the symptoms of autoimmune thyroid disease.... Read more about autoimmune thyroid diseases causes