How is an aneurysm treated?
Treatment for aneurysms begins with seeking medical care from your health care provider. To determine if you have an aneurysm, your health care provider will ask you to undergo several diagnostic tests.
Treatment of an aneurysm depends on the size, location, and type of aneurysm. An expanding or enlarging aneurysm in the aorta often requires emergency treatment, and surgery is generally recommended. Which type of surgery and when it is needed it will depend on the symptoms and the size and type of aneurysm. Some people may have endovascular stent repair. A stent is a tiny tube placed within a blood vessel to keep the vessel open or reinforce its wall.
Some types of aneurysms that are small or not life threatening may be carefully watched by a doctor or health care provider. Such observation requires regular medical care and testing. Ultrasound imaging is used to monitor potential growth of the aneurysm. The decision of whether to perform surgery requires balancing the risk of surgical complications against the risk of complications from the aneurysm itself.
Treatments for aneurysm
Common treatments of aneurysm include:
- Blood pressure management
- Control of risk factors
- Observation and monitoring
- Surgical repair of the aneurysm
What you can do to improve your aneurysm
In addition to following your health care provider’s instructions and taking all medications as prescribed, you can reduce your risk by:
- Eating a heart-healthy diet that includes potassium and fiber and drinking plenty of water
- Exercising at least 30 minutes a day
- Limiting alcohol consumption to 1 drink a day for women, 2 a day for men
- Limiting the amount of sodium (salt) you eat (less than 1,500 mg per day)
- Maintaining a healthy body weight
- Quitting smoking
- Reducing stress
What are the potential complications of an aneurysm?
You can help minimize your risk of serious complications by following the treatment plan you and your health care professional design specifically for you. Complications of aneurysm include:
- Blood clots
- Compression of nerves or other adjacent structures, causing weakness and numbness (occurs most commonly with aneurysms that develop in the artery behind the knee)
- Hypovolemic shock (a state of low blood pressure caused by bleeding or other fluid loss)
- Organ failure
- Rupture of the aneurysm
- Severe internal bleeding
What is an aneurysm?
An aneurysm is an abnormal widening or ballooning of an artery due to weakness in the wall of the blood vessel. Aneurysms are dangerous because they may burst, spilling blood in the area surrounding the blood vessel. The disease can occur in the aorta, in a blood vessel in the brain, or in a peripheral blood vessel.... Read more about aneurysm introduction
What are the symptoms of an aneurysm?
Aneurysms can develop slowly over many years. Many people have no symptoms, while others may experience a number of symptoms that vary in intensity among individuals depending on the location, rate of growth, and size of the aneurysm.... Read more about aneurysm symptoms
What causes an aneurysm?
Aneurysms are caused by weakness in the wall of a cerebral artery or vein, aortic artery, or peripheral artery. The disorder may result from defects present at birth (congenital), from underlying conditions such as hypertensive vascular disease and atherosclerosis (buildup of fatty deposits in the arteries), or from previous trauma to the area of the aneurysm.... Read more about aneurysm causes