What causes abdominal cancer?

Abdominal cancer occurs when old or damaged cells divide and multiply uncontrollably. The underlying cause of this varies depending on the specific form of cancer. For example:

  • Colorectal cancer commonly develops from adenomatous intestinal polyps in the colon that are not removed while still benign.

  • Liver cancer is often caused by certain types of liver disease, often chronic hepatitis B or C infection or alcoholism. Liver cancer can also be caused by another cancer in the body that spreads to the liver.

  • Stomach cancer is linked to significant risk factors but the exact cause is not known.

  • Pancreatic cancer is linked to significant risk factors but the exact cause is not known.

  • Renal cancer is not linked to a specific risk factor in most cases.

  • Peritoneal mesothelioma, or cancer of the lining of the inside of the abdomen, is caused by exposure to asbestos.

In addition, metastasis from other areas, such as the ovaries, is a key concern.

What are the risk factors for abdominal cancer?

A number of factors are thought to increase your chances of developing abdominal cancer. Not all people with risk factors will develop abdominal cancer, and some people who do not have risk factors will develop abdominal cancer.

Risk factors for abdominal cancer include:

  • Adenomatous intestinal polyps that are not removed while still benign (noncancerous)

  • Advancing age, especially older than 50 years

  • Alcoholism or heavy alcohol ingestion

  • Chronic hepatitis B or C infection

  • Chronic pancreatitis

  • Diabetes

  • Eating a high-fat, low-fiber diet or a diet that is high in salty and smoked foods

  • Bacterial infection with Helicobacter pylori

  • Obesity

  • Personal history of cancer or family history of abdominal cancer

  • Smoking

  • Ulcerative colitis

Reducing your risk of abdominal cancer

You may be able to lower your risk of developing some forms of abdominal cancer by:

  • Eating a diet that is low in fat and salty and smoked foods, and high in fiber and fruits and vegetables>

  • Maintaining a healthy weight

  • Not drinking alcohol or limiting alcohol intake to one drink per day for women and two drinks per day for men

  • Quitting smoking

  • Getting regular screening tests such as a colonoscopy

INTRODUCTION

What is abdominal cancer?

Abdominal cancer is a type of cancer that occurs when there is an uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells anywhere in the abdomen, the area between the lower chest and the groin. The abdomen consists of many organs, including the stomach, intestines, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, esophagus, and numerous blood vessels. Abdominal cancer is a general term for a variety of cancers.

Comm... Read more about abdominal cancerintroduction

SYMPTOMS

What are the symptoms of abdominal cancer?

Symptoms of abdominal cancer vary depending on the specific type of cancer, stage of advancement, and other factors. Many people experience no symptoms in the early stages of some forms of abdominal cancer, such as colorectal cancer, stomach cancer, pancreatic cancer, and liver cancer. Symptoms of abdominal cancer can also be vague and similar to symptoms of other diseases, disorders and condit... Read more about abdominal cancersymptoms

TREATMENTS

How is abdominal cancer treated?

Treatment of abdominal cancer begins with seeking regular medical care throughout your life. Regular medical care allows a health care professional to best provide early screening tests, such as digital exams and fecal occult blood tests. Regular medical care also provides an opportunity for your health care professional to promptly evaluate symptoms and your risks of developing abdominal cance... Read more about abdominal cancertreatments

Medical Reviewer: William C. Lloyd III, MD, FACS Last Annual Review Date: Aug 9, 2013 Copyright: © Copyright 2014 Health Grades, Inc. All rights reserved. May not be reproduced or reprinted without permission from Health Grades, Inc. Use of this information is governed by the HealthGrades User Agreement.

This Article is Filed Under: Digestive System, Cancer, Heartburn and GERD, Crohn's Disease

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